Central Banking Training - Chairs & Speakers

Chairs & Speakers

Central Banking Training Faculty

Central Banking looks throughout the central banking community for expert speakers and chairs to make up its faculty 

Central Banking's authoritative, independent, and engaging chairs shape course agendas, lead workshops and steer debate

Atilla Arda

Senior financial sector expert

International Monetary Fund

Atilla Arda is a Senior Financial Sector Expert in the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) Monetary and Capital Markets Department; prior to this, he was a Senior Counsel in the IMF’s Financial & Fiscal Law Unit. Mr. Arda joined the IMF in February 2007 from the central bank of the Netherlands where he held a Senior Counsel position and was Substitute Secretary to the Board; he also contributed to the workings of the Legal Committee of the European System of Central Banks. Mr. Arda has consulted for over 70 countries, half of which on-site, including for countries as diverse as Egypt, Greece, Indonesia, Ireland, Jamaica, Kosovo, Myanmar, Portugal, Sri Lanka, and Ukraine. Most recently, he was the deputy head for the Switzerland Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP), and he led the FSAP crisis readiness teams for the United Kingdom, United States, and euro area. Mr. Arda is specialized in central bank governance and law, financial law, institutional frameworks for macroprudential policy and crisis management, financial safety net arrangements, crisis preparedness, and bank resolution regimes. Mr. Arda undertook his undergraduate at the Amsterdam Academy of Banking and Finance; he is a graduate of both the Amsterdam Law School and the Amsterdam Graduate School of Law of the University of Amsterdam, where he specialized in international economic and financial law. He is a regular speaker at international conferences and has been chairing Central Banking Publications’ course on ‘Central Bank Governance and Legal Risks’ since 2014.

Janet Cosier

Former advisor on strategic planning and risk management

Former Bank of Canada

Janet Cosier is the former Chief Risk Officer and Adviser on Strategic Planning at the Bank of Canada. She continues in her capacity as the Chair of the Board of Directors of the Canadian Payments Association. She has served in a variety of functions including comptroller and chief accountant, as well as chief internal auditor, before being appointed adviser to the governor. She has provided technical assistance to various central banks in the areas of strategic planning, risk management, governance and financial reporting. Before joining the Bank of Canada, she worked with the Office of the Auditor General of Canada and with the Department of Industry, Trade and Commerce. Mrs Cosier holds degrees from York University and the University of Windsor in mathematics, computer science, accounting and financial management.

Pedro Duarte Neves

Former vice-governor

Bank of Portugal

Pedro Duarte Neves was Vice-Governor of Banco de Portugal from June 2006 to September 2017. During that period, he also chaired the Board of the Deposit Guarantee Fund, the Board of the Resolution Fund and the Board of the National Council for Audit Supervision. As of September 2017 he acts as Adviser for the Board of Directors of Banco de Portugal.

Pedro Duarte Neves acted as Alternate Chairperson of the EBA from July 2013 to June 2018 and, over the past years, chaired a number of European groups on economic and financial matters in the scope of the Financial Stability Board, the European Banking Authority and the Joint Committee of the European Supervisory Authorities. Pedro Duarte Neves was a member of the ECB’s Supervisory Board until September 2014 and a member of the General Board of the European Systemic Risk Board, from its creation to September 2017.

He joined the Research Department of Banco de Portugal in 1994 and served there until July 2004. He chaired the National Communications Authority (ANACOM) from September 2004 to June 2006.

Pedro Duarte Neves holds a PhD in Economics from Université Catholique de Louvain and he is Professor at Católica Lisbon – Business and Economics.

Richard Heckinger

Former vice-president and senior policy adviser

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Richard Heckinger was formerly vice president and senior policy advisor, Financial Markets Group, at the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. He started his career in financial markets at the Chicago Board Options Exchange in 1973. His career has included executive management of financial market operations and risk. He has a wide range of international experience including positions in Montreal, London, Hong Kong, Boston and Chicago. He has served on international committees, including a Federal Reserve Bank of New York working group, the OTC Derivatives Regulators’ Forum, SWIFT, and the International Securities Services Association. He has a MPhil degree in economics from the London School of Economics, a BA degree in mathematics from the Illinois State University, and completed the Advanced Management Course at the University of Chicago.

Antti Heinonen


Banknote Ethics Initiative

Antti Heinonen has been the chairman of Banknote Ethics Initiative since its inception in 2013. He was the chairman of the Central Bank Counterfeit Deterrence Group between 2008 and 2012 and the Director, Banknotes at the ECB from 1998 until 2008. He chaired the Banknote Committee of the European System of Central Banks for more than 10 years and the Eurosystem Cash Changeover Co-ordination Committee in 2001 and 2002. Prior to joining the ECB he was the chief cashier for the Bank of Finland. He holds degrees in economics and mathematics from the University of Helsinki, and has recently written two books, one on the history of Finland’s markka banknotes, and another on euro banknotes. The latter is also translated in English (The First Euros) and German (Die Ersten Euros).


John Jussup

Former general counsel and corporate secretary

Bank of Canada

John Jussup was general counsel and secretary of the Bank of Canada, from 2009 until July 2012. Prior to joining the central bank, he was senior vice-president, chief legal officer & secretary of Cognos Inc., one of Canada’s leading software companies, from 1993 until its acquisition by IBM in 2008. Before joining Cognos, Mr Jussup held increasingly senior in-house counsel and secretarial positions in the mining, medical diagnostics and finance industries. He graduated from the Royal Military College of Canada and from Queen’s University, in Kingston, Canada (LLB). He was called to the Ontario Bar in 1979. He was a recipient of the Canadian General Counsel of the Year Award in 2005 in recognition of his achievements corporate governance. He currently sits on a number of boards and consults in the areas of in corporate secretarial and in-house legal practice.

Klaus Löber

Chair, CCP supervisory committee

European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA)

Klaus Löber is the Chair of the CCP Supervisory Committee (CCP SC) in ESMA, which was established in 2020. His areas of responsibility encompass the tasks attributed by the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR) to the CCP SC, in particular the enhanced supervisory convergence towards EU CCPs and ensuring a resilient CCP landscape in the EU as well the monitoring and supervision of CCPs established in third countries in view of the risks that they may pose to the EU financial system. He is also chairing the ESMA CCP Policy Committee contributing to the EU Single Rule Book in the area of CCPs.

Prior to this role, Mr Löber was the Head of the Oversight Division of the European Central Bank in charge of the oversight of financial market infrastructures, payments instruments and schemes. Earlier positions include the Head of the Secretariat of the Committee on Payments and Market Infrastructures, the global standard setting body in the area of payments, clearing and settlement as well as positions in the European Commission, Deutsche Bundesbank and private practice.

Mr Löber regularly publishes on financial markets legal, regulatory and infrastructure issues and lectures at universities.

Stephen Mwaura

Chairman, Fintech Institute & former head of national payments systems

Former Central Bank of Kenya

Maria Nieto

senior advisor, International Economics

Bank of Spain

María J. Nieto is Senior Advisor in the Directorate of Financial Stability, Regulation and Resolution, at Bank of Spain where she has developed her career since December 2000. She is author of several articles on banking, financial stability and regulatory issues that have been published by prestigious peered reviewed journals and she is member of the Editorial Boards of the Journal of Banking Regulation and the Journal of Financial Regulation and Compliance. She has cooperated as consultant with the IMF and the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta and has worked at the ECB, Council of Economic Advisors to the Spanish President and the IMF. Ms Nieto earned a PhD cum laude from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid and MBA (finance) from the University of California Los Angeles.

Per Nymand-Andersen


a European central bank


Per Nymand-Andersen has over 25 years of Central Banking Experiences and was part of creating and developing the European Central Bank from scratch. Per has developed his expertise in banking and financial markets, fintech, data science, communications, securities settlement systems, statistics and Management.

Per holds several Fintech/data science Advisor Board positions in private and simi-public organisations. Per is a Lecture at Goethe-Universität Frankfurt and is a frequent speaker at international events and author of several publications/articles regarding financial markets, data science, communication and statistics. His recent renown book “Data science in Economics and Finance for Decision Makers” was published by Riskbooks.com.

Prior to joining the ECB, he provided market research consultancy services for the European Commission, Luxembourg.

Per has an MBA in Economics and Management Science from Copenhagen Business School, Denmark and has a Fintech certificate from Harvard University.

Per speaks four languages (English, German, French and Danish).

Further details: https://www.linkedin.com/in/per-nymand-andersen-81609913

Francesco Papadia

former director general for market operations

European Central Bank

Francesco Papadia is chair of Prime Collateralised Securities, chair of the Selection Panel of the Hellenic Financial Stability Fund, resident fellow of Bruegel and lectures at various Universities. Between June 1998 and May 2012 he was director general for Market Operations at the European Central Bank. Before that he held different positions at Research Department and Foreign Department of Banca d'Italia. Between 1980 and 1983 he was economic advisor at the Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs of the European Commission. From 1974 to 1979 he served as economist in the Research Department of Banca d'Italia. Francesco Papadia holds a degree in Law from the University of Rome. He did his postgraduate studies in Economics at Istao, Ancona and at the London Business School. He has published numerous articles and books.

Marek Petruš

Central bank communications consultant and former director of the general secretariat

Former Czech National Bank

Marek Petruš is an external relations consultant with deep expertise in financial and economic policy communications. He has worked closely with top monetary policymakers as a strategic advisor to governors in the Czech Republic as well as more than a dozen low-to-middle income developing countries. He has been affiliated with the International Monetary Fund as a short-term expert for central bank communications, advising central banks across Eastern Europe, Asia, and Africa to make their policies more transparent and on modernising their communications. His expertise and experience stems from an assignment as Director of Communications and later chancellor at the Czech National Bank (CNB), preceded by a career with the world’s leading news media companies, including Reuters and the Wall Street Journal. During his tenure, the Czech central bank upgraded its policy communications and brought its transparency and communication toolkit into line with global best practices. These advances helped solidify the CNB’s standing as one of the world's most transparent and best communicating central banks.


Morten Kjærgaard

Independent consultant

Former National Bank of Denmark

Morten is an independent consultant within asset management and public finance. He is former Head of Reserve Management at Danmarks Nationalbank where he was responsible for the trading, risk management, quant and monetary policy collateral units. He has also worked with monetary policy implementation, government debt management and international relations and has worked as an international consultant on behalf of the World Bank.

Pamela Riquelme

Co-ordinator of Internal Communication

Central Bank of Chile

Pamela is a journalist with a Bachelor´s Degree in Social Communications and graduated from Master Degree Program of Strategical Communications.  She has 20 years of professional experience in different public institutions of Chile. She has worked in PR and internal communications fields for the Communications Secretary of the Government of Chile, as well as the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Finance. Pamela is currently is Coordinator of Internal Communications of the Central Bank of Chile.

Specialists in their field of work, Central Banking’s speakers share their expert knowledge and global best practice

Elsie Addo Awadzi

Second deputy governor

Bank of Ghana

Mrs. Elsie Addo Awadzi was appointed 2nd Deputy Governor of the Bank of Ghana in February 2018, with responsibility for financial supervision, financial stability, and financial integrity, among others. She is the second woman to be appointed Deputy Governor in the Bank’s 62-year history. 

Before her appointment as Deputy Governor, she was Senior Counsel of the Financial and Fiscal Law Unit of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)’s Legal Department, based in Washington, D.C. In that role, she helped to assess the stability of financial systems in a number of G-20 member countries, and provided technical assistance to help strengthen financial systems and manage financial crises in a variety of IMF member countries. She also advised on legal and institutional aspects of public financial management, public debt management, and fiscal responsibility frameworks.

Muhammad Akmal

Director strategic planning

State Bank of Pakistan

Muhammad Akmal, has banking experience spreading over three decades. Joining the State Bank of Pakistan in 1991, he has worked in areas of regulation and supervision of banks and nonbank financial institutions. His areas of expertise include Banking Inspection, Foreign Exchange Policy formulation and implementation, Consumer Protection, Banking Conduct, etc. In view of his vast experience in Central Banking, he has been entrusted with the charge of Director Strategic Planning to provide leadership to SBP in formulation and implementation of strategic goals and SBP Vision 2020. He has attended a number of local and foreign trainings/expert panels and attachment programs offered by other central banks, IMF and the World Bank. He is member of various committees of the SBP. He also remained Co-Chairman National Financial Inclusion Strategy (NFIS) Technical Committee on “Financial Literacy & Consumer Protection”, Country Coordinator for Asian Clearing Union, especially for attending issues relating to import/export. He has conducted various capacity building programs for SBP and the Banking Industry. He has been a resource person from SBP for imparting trainings at Foreign Services Academy, Government of Pakistan, National Accountability Bureau (NAB), Federal Investigation Agency (FIA), Trade bodies/Chambers and National Institute of Banking & Finance (NIBAF). 

Lucia Alessi

Responsible for sustainable finance

European Commission - Joint Research Centre

Lucia Alessi is Responsible for Sustainable Finance at the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission. Her team develops research in support of EU policymaking on sustainable investments and ESG risks. Her more recent research focuses on the development of carbon stress tests and the assessment of ESG risks for banks, on the analysis of investors' attitude towards climate risk, and on the EU green Taxonomy. From 2007 to 2015 she worked at the European Central Bank, where she served in various areas, including Research, Economics, and Macroprudential Policy and Financial Stability.

Shehzad Ali Sharif

Joint director – strategic planning department

State Bank of Pakistan

Shehzad Ali Sharif currently working as a Senior Joint Director has more than a decade and a half of working experience with the Central Bank. His main areas of expertise are Strategic Planning, Annual Performance Review and BCP. He played a key role in the development of SBP Vision 2020. In the area of BCP, he has been involved since the inception of BCP program in 2006, and has been instrumental in the development of the BCP manuals, policies, establishment of multiple backup sites, conducting BIAs & BCP preparedness Reviews, BCP Communication cards and development of the BCP course curriculum. Due to his accomplishments in the field of BCP at SBP, Mr. Shehzad was awarded with the Organizational Competence Award. Mr. Shehzad holds an engineering degree and an MBA degree.

Gabriel Andrade

Head of the risk management department

Bank of Portugal

Gabriel Andrade is the head of the Risk Management Department at Banco de Portugal, which he has been responsible for since October 2014. He is currently the Chair of the Eurosystem Resilience Task Force He is also a member of the International Operational Risk Working Group (IORWG) and works regularly in technical assistance missions of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to Central Banks. From 1987 to 2013, Mr. Andrade worked in the private banking sector, including 20 years with Barclays Bank. He holds an Economics degree from the Lisbon School of Economics (ISE), as well as numerous post-graduate degrees elsewhere, including Universidade Católica Portuguesa (UCP), AESE Business school (AESE / IESE) and Universidade Nova de Lisboa (UNL).

Andreas Andersen

Special advisor

Norges Bank

Andreas Andersen is a special advisor at Norges Bank (Central bank of Norway). His experience include leading the public information campaign for Norges Bank’s recently introduced banknote series, the establishment of Norges Bank Education Centre and the establishment of Norges Bank Studios – a small internal visual communications team and facilities for photo, audio/video and graphic design services. He was previously Head of Communication for the central banking operations.

Hanna Armelius

Senior advisor

Sveriges Riksbank

Hanna Armelius works as a Senior Advisor at the Sveriges Riksbank. Her main focus is on the macroeconomic effects of structural changes in the payment markets. She has been extensively involved in the analytical part of the Riksbank’s digital currency project (the e-krona project). Hanna has a Ph.D. in Economics from the Uppsala University and has published work in the fields of public economics, monetary policy and digital currencies.

Patrick Armstrong

Member of the secretariat

Financial Stability Board

Patrick is a Member of the Secretariat of the Financial Stability Board with a focus on financial innovation. Prior to joining the FSB in January 2020, Patrick worked for the European Securities and Markets Authority where he led the financial innovation work.  Previously, Patrick was Head of Investment Risk Management at State Street Global Advisors. Patrick is a CFA, FRM and PRM. 

Douglas Arner

Kerry Holdings professor in law

University of Hong Kong

Douglas W. Arner is the Kerry Holdings Professor in Law, RGC Senior Fellow in Digital Finance and Sustainable Development and Associate Director of the HKU-Standard Chartered Foundation FinTech Academy at the University of Hong Kong. In addition, he is Associate Dean (Taught Postgraduate and Development) of the Faculty of Law at HKU and co-founder and former Director of HKU’s Asian Institute of International Financial Law, as well as Faculty Director and co-founder of the LLM in Compliance and Regulation, the LLM in Corporate and Financial Law, the Law, Innovation, Technology and Entrepreneurship (LITE), and the East Asian International Economic Law and Policy Programmes. Douglas served as Head of the HKU Department of Law from 2011-2014, as Director of the Duke University-HKU Asia America Institute in Transnational Law from 2005-2016, and as an inaugural member of the Hong Kong Financial Services Development Council from 2013-2019. He is a Visiting Professor and Senior Visiting Fellow of Melbourne Law School of the University of Melbourne, a Visiting Professorial Fellow of the Faculty of Law of UNSW Sydney, a non-executive director of NASDAQ and Euronext listed biotechnology firm Aptorum Group, an Advisory Board Member of the Global Impact FinTech (GIFT) Forum, Policy 4.0 and of the Centre for Finance, Technology and Entrepreneurship (CFTE), and co-founder and an executive board member of the Asia Pacific Structured Finance Association. In 2020 he was awarded an inaugural Hong Kong Research Grants Council Senior Fellowship to study the role of digital finance in financial inclusion and the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Douglas has published eighteen books and more than 200 articles, chapters and reports on international financial law and regulation, including most recently Reconceptualising Global Finance and its Regulation (Cambridge 2016) (with Ross Buckley and Emilios Avgouleas) and The RegTech Book (Wiley 2019 (Janos Barberis and Ross Buckley). His recent papers are available on SSRN at https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=524849 , where he is among the top 50 authors in the world by total downloads, as well as among the top 15 law authors. Douglas led the development of Introduction to FinTech – launched with edX in May 2018 and now with over 100,000 learners spanning almost every country in the world – and the foundation of the edx-HKU Online Professional Certificate in FinTech. In addition, he has served as a consultant with, among others, the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, UN, APEC, Alliance for Financial Inclusion, and European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. He has lectured, co-organised conferences and seminars and been involved with financial sector reform projects around the world. Douglas has been a visiting professor or fellow at Duke, Harvard, the Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research, IDC Herzliya, McGill, Melbourne, National University of Singapore, University of New South Wales, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, and Zurich, among others.

Paul Badertscher

Director of media relations

Bank of Canada

Paul Badertscher has been associated with the Bank of Canada for roughly 25 years – earlier as a journalist with agencies Bridge News and Bloomberg News, and later as the Bank’s head speechwriter and now as Director of Media Relations. Over that time, he’s lived through a revolution in central bank transparency. He’s gone from the era where central banks barely tolerated reporters and said as little as possible to today, when central banks are working hard to reach key stakeholders and the public with their messages.

Paul has a Bachelor of Arts Degree from Carleton University in Ottawa and a Master of Journalism degree from Western University in London, Ontario.

Tamar Baiashvili

Deputy head, macroeconomics and statistics department

National Bank of Georgia

Tamar Baiashvili has been working at the National Bank of Georgia for almost ten years. Her career progressed from a specialist in the Monetary Policy Division to the Deputy Head of Macroeconomics and Statistics Department, responsible for the Monetary Policy formulation. Tamar has been actively involved in the development of monetary policy communications, including the preparation of policy communication documents. She holds a MS degree in Applied Economics and has an academic experience consisting of university teaching as well as scientific publications.

Anjeza Beja

Former director, accounting and finance

Bank of Albania

Anjeza Beja is an experienced financial sector expert currently working as an independent international consultant on central bank issues. She has undertaken a number of projects in several countries for the IMF related to IFRS implementation in central banks and also with the World Bank on payment systems issues. Previously she spent 12 years with the Bank of Albania, 5 of which as Director of Payments, Accounting and Finance where she was in charge for IFRS and IFRS 9 implementation. Before that she worked in the Supervision Department as an onsite supervisor and in several managerial positions. She holds a PhD in Economics from University of Tirana and has concluded a Leadership Program in Financial Inclusion from Fletcher School at Tufts University

Christian Beslmeisl

Deputy Head of Communications

Bank for International Settlements

Christian Beslmeisl is the Deputy Head of Communications at the Bank for International Settlements (BIS). His team is responsible for the BIS’s website, www.bis.org, its Social Media channels, intranet and for visual communications services. Christian joined the BIS as a Senior Business Analyst in 2002 and in this role was responsible for developing the BIS’s intranet. He has held increasingly responsible positions at the BIS, including Head of Publishing. Prior to joining the BIS, Christian worked for the Deutsche Bundesbank, with his last position being deputy team leader of the eCollaboration team. Christian holds a degree from the Deutsche Bundesbank University of Applied Sciences

Marianne Bechara

Senior fintech counsel

International Monetary Fund

Ms. Marianne Bechara is a Senior Fintech Counsel in the International Monetary Fund’s Legal Department, where she provides legal advice on Fintech, central banks legislation and supervision regimes of financial institutions. Prior to relocating to U.S., Ms. Bechara was senior legal counsel directly assisting the General Counsel of the Lebanese Central Bank and Capital Market Authority at the time. Ms. Bechara received her a Bachelor of Laws in both Lebanese and French laws from Saint-Joseph University, Lebanon, and her LL.M in Banking and Financial Law from Boston University, U.S. She also completed the Fundamentals of FinTech and Banking Law Program at the University of California, Berkeley, U.S. She is an attorney admitted to practice law in both California and New York, U.S.

Ademi Bektursunova

Research analyst

Financial Network Analytics

Ademi is a Research Analyst at FNA. Her area of expertise is information systems and data analytics. She has a particular interest in data visualization and simple communication of complex data systems.
Ademi joined FNA full-time in October 2020 after spending 5 months as an intern in the R&D team. She is currently involved in the development of new features for the FNA platform. Specifically, she collaborates with the Engineering team to oversee acceptance testing. Ademi also oversees external projects related to financial market infrastructures, including selected dashboards in FNA’s G20 Monitor. In addition, Ademi has collaborated in research projects related to the economic impact of COVID-19 on various sectors of the U.S. economy.
Ademi has a Master of Professional Studies in Informatics from Northeastern University and a Bachelor of Science in Information Technologies from Kazakh-British Technical University. 

Jesper Berg

Director general, Danish Financial Supervisory Authority and former head of market operations

National Bank of Denmark

Ulrich Bindseil

Director general of the ECB’s directorate general for market infrastructures and payment systems (DG-MIP)

European Central Bank

Ulrich Bindseil is the Director General of the ECB’s Directorate General for Market Infrastructures and Payment Systems (DG-MIP) since 1. November 2019. Previously, he had been the ECB’s Director General for Market Operations (since May 2012) and head of the ECB's Risk Management Division (between 2005 and 2008). Ulrich has joined central banking in 1994, namely in the Economics Department of the Deutsche Bundesbank, after his Economics studies. His publications include: Monetary Policy Operations and the Financial System (OUP, 2014): Central banking before 1800 – A rehabilitation (OUP, 2019).

Karen Branding

Senior vice-president public affairs

Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis

Karen Branding is the St. Louis Fed’s senior vice-president for public affairs, overseeing the Bank’s external and internal communications, industry and government relations, public outreach, economy museum and creative services.  She is a member of the Bank’s Management Committee.

Before joining the Bank in 2011, she was the associate dean of marketing and communications for Washington University’s Olin Business School. She was with Anheuser-Busch for 15 years, serving as chairman, president and CEO of its Busch Creative Services subsidiary; corporate vice president of Busch Entertainment Corporation; and director of corporate communications for the parent company. Her early career was in Washington, DC, where she was a public policy analyst at the U.S. Office of Management and Budget and U.S. Department of the Treasury.  She entered the federal government as a presidential management fellow.

Ms. Branding earned her bachelor's in public administration from Drake University, masters in public affairs from Indiana University and MBA from Washington University in St. Louis.

Ms. Branding is active in the community, with current or past board service at Drake University, United Way of Greater St. Louis Executive Committee and chair of its Public Affairs Committee, St. Andrew’s Resources for Seniors, Eden Theological Seminary, Unleashing Potential/Neighborhood Houses, St. Louis Regional Chamber, and others. She is the recipient of Washington University’s Emory Award for leadership and scholarship, YWCA’s Leader of Distinction Award, and Drake University’s Alumni Loyalty Award.

Donna Brenner

Former vice-president

Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia

Andreas Breitenfellner

Lead economist, economics department

National Bank of Austria

Andreas Breitenfellner is Lead Economist at the Economics Department of the Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB), which he joined in 1999. For several years, he was seconded to the European Commission (DG ECFIN) and the Austrian Delegation to the OECD in Paris. He obtained a master’s degree in social economics at the Johannes Kepler University Linz and a diploma in international relations from the Johns Hopkins University in Bologna. He analyzes and publishes on climate change related economic and financial issues, Economic and Monetary Union, inflation, energy prices and structural policies.


Wouter Bossu

Senior counsel & deputy unit chief, legal department

International Monetary Fund

Wouter Bossu currently serves as Senior Counsel and Deputy Unit Chief for the Legal Department of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). He is of Belgian origin and holds degrees in law (Leuven) and business administration (Louvain-la-Neuve). Prior to joining the Fund, he worked for the legal departments of the Belgian and the European Central Banks. His specialties are the legal frameworks of central banking, financial markets and financial stability.

Coralia Bulhoes

Chief financial officer

Bank of Canada

Coralia Bulhoes was appointed Chief Financial Officer (CFO) and Managing Director (MD) of Financial Services, effective March 2020. In this capacity, she is responsible for the Bank’s financial framework: from implementing the corporate planning cycle to delivering all accounting and financial reporting services. She provides business support to the Executive Leadership team and is a member of the Management Council.
Ms. Bulhoes brings to the Bank more than 18 years of leadership experience in corporate services and business management. She was previously Chief Operating Officer (COO) at the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM), a role she had held since 2006. Prior to assuming the COO role, she was FCM’s Director of Finance.
Ms. Bulhoes is a Chartered Professional Accountant and has a Bachelor’s degree in Accounting from the Université du Québec en Outaouais.

Carlos Cantu

Economist, representative office for the Americas, Monetary economics department

Bank for International Settlements

Carlos Cantú joined the BIS in the spring of 2016. He obtained his MA and PhD in economics from the University of California, Los Angeles. Before obtaining his PhD, he worked for the Bank of Mexico in the Economic Research Department. He is part of the secretariat of the BIS Consultative Group on Innovation and the Digital Economy Technical Task Force on CBDCs.

Abhishek Chakraborti

program manager

Bank of Canada

Abhishek Chakraborti has a masters’ in electrical engineering from the University of Southern California and an MBA from the University of Alberta. Before joining the Bank of Canada in 2022, he worked as a Program Manager for the City of Edmonton for over 9 years. In this role he supported the city’s long-term environmental sustainability and economic growth. He developed and implemented strategies and programs related to community energy transition and climate resiliency.

For the last one year, Abhishek has been working as a Program Manager to green the Bank of Canada’s internal operations. The Bank has a target to reduce its operational emission to net-zero by 2050.

Paul Chammas

Managing partner


Paul Chammas is a Technology Risk & Cybersecurity Consultant and Auditor, with more than 12 years of experience within big consulting firms. He co-founded in 2018 CLARICE, a startup specialized in Innovation & Risk Management, then co-founded in 2021 QuRISK, a startup specialized in Quantum Computing & Risk Management.

Paul holds a Telecommunication Engineering diploma from EFREI Paris and an Advanced Master in Technology Management from HEC Paris. Paul is certified CISA, CRISC and ISO27005.

Julie Champagne

managing director of corporate services

Bank of Canada

Julie Champagne was appointed Managing Director of Corporate Services (CS), effective 5 March 2018. In this capacity, she is responsible for the Bank’s Data and Statistics Office (DSO), Knowledge and Information Services, and Security and Facilities Management functions, including plans for continuity of operations.

Ms. Champagne has an extensive background in operational and financial auditing, management consulting, strategic business planning and enterprise risk management. She joined the Bank in 2009 as Deputy Managing Director of Internal Audit and served as Chief Internal Auditor from 2012.

A native of Sudbury, Ontario, Ms. Champagne holds a Bachelor of Commerce (Honours) degree from Laurentian University. She also holds Chartered Accountant and Certified Internal Auditor designations.


James Chapman

Senior research director, funds management and banking

Bank of Canada

James Chapman is the senior research director in the Funds Management and Banking Department at the Bank of Canada. He received a Ph.D. in Economics and an MSc in Statistics from the University of Iowa in 2006. He joined the Bank of Canada as a senior analyst in that year. His primary research focus has been on interbank market and financial market infrastructure issues such as liquidity risk and credit risk in large-value payment systems as well as the efficiency of interbank markets. Recently his research focus has evolved to include research on fintech related topics. These topics include the use of distributed ledger technology in financial market infrastructure, specifically the Bank’s Project Jasper, as well as questions related to digital currencies such as Bitcoin, Ethereum and initial coin offerings.

Andrea Clarke

Chief strategy officer

Bank of Jamaica

Mrs. Andrea Clarke, Chief Strategy Officer, Bank of Jamaica is equipped with a wealth of experience in the fields of Strategic Planning, Project Management, Strategic Human Resource Management, Organization Development, Pension Administration and Accounting, spanning over thirty  (30) years working in both private and public sectors.

Andrea has been employed to Bank of Jamaica since 2004 where she commenced her Central Banking journey in the Human Resource Administration Department (now Human Resources Division) as Assistant Director, and was later promoted to Senior Director with portfolio responsibility for Human Resources, Training and Pensions.  She has played a critical role in the establishment of the Organisation Development and Human Resource Planning functions and coordinating the strategic planning process and has achieved many successes.  She held the position of Senior Director, Organisation Development and HR Planning  and then embarked on another milestone in her career on June 01 2019, when she was appointed to the position of Chief Strategy Officer tasked with principal responsibility for leading the Bank’s strategic planning and project management functions.  Since her tenure, she has been successful in formally developing the operations of the Strategic Planning and Project Management Centre and formalizing project management standards across the Bank.

She is the holder of a Master of Business Administration Degree from the University of New Orleans, USA, a Bachelor of Science Degree in Management Studies & Accounting from the University of the West Indies, Mona Campus, Jamaica and also holds the Senior Certified Professional in Human Resources designation from the Society of Human Resource Management (SHRM), USA. 

Dedicated, driven, focused, and goal-oriented, are just a few of the adjectives that are used to describe Andrea who is committed to achieving excellence. 

Carl Andreas Claussen

Senior advisor


Carl Andreas Claussen is senior advisor at the payments department of Sveriges Riksbank where he works on the Riksbanks e-krona project. He is a contributor to various e-krona/CBDC publications from the Riksbank.

Alejandro de la Concha Duarte

Data scientist

Financial Network Analytics

Alejandro is a PhD student at the École Normale Supérieure Paris-Saclay. His area of expertise is machine learning and currently, his research focuses on change-point detection on signals observed over graphs. Alejandro joined FNA in 2020 as a data scientist. He collaborates on projects related to the management of financial market infrastructures and oversees the development of investment strategies using natural language processing.
Prior to joining FNA, Alejandro worked for almost two years in the Directorate of Risk Management at the Bank of Mexico. During this time, Alejandro designed and implemented statistical and financial models to manage financial risks in the national reserve portfolio. His expertise on network analysis, also allowed him to collaborate on research projects aimed at assessing the stability of financial market infrastructures in Mexico.

Lisa Cronier-Gabel

Director, external stakeholder management

Bank of Canada

Lisa Cronier-Gabel joined the Currency Department of the Bank of Canada in September 2016 as the Director, External Stakeholder Management. She is responsible for building and managing critical business relationships with external partners to ensure confidence and pride in Canada’s bank notes as well as delivering various initiatives related to bank note development and issuance. Prior to joining the Bank, Lisa spent 14 years at Immigration, Refugee and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) managing various programs, most notably the Citizenship program.

Adam Csabay


Adam Csabay is the Global Head of Central Banking Engagement at FNA. He focuses on technology and innovation projects with central banks and financial authorities. Prior to joining FNA, Adam was Lead Coordinator (Central Banking China Working Group) at Central Banking Publications. He was also a Founder and Manager - Central Banking Fintech & Regtech Advisory Board. Adam graduated with Distinction from the University of Oxford with a degree in Contemporary Chinese Studies - Specialisation in International Relations and Economics.

João Cunha Marques

Senior financial expert


Joshua Daniel

Head of product strategy


Dr Joshua Daniel, Director of Payments at SETL. Joshua lead the work on Central Bank Digital Currency at SETL. He joined SETL after five years as the Lead for blockchain research and a Principal researcher at BT Applied Research in UK where has filed over 30 patents in Blockchain, Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things and Cyber security. An aerospace engineer by undergraduation, Joshua has a PhD and BEng from University of Southampton, UK and has also worked for Rolls-Royce, UK.

Robin Darbyshire

Former financial accountant at Bank of England

Robin Darbyshire is a chartered accountant who has worked, as an independent consultant for 10 years, mainly on central bank issues. He has undertaken a number of projects for the International Monetary Fund, including implementation of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in central banks. He has also worked on a payments system at a middle eastern central bank. Previously he spent 19 years with the Bank of England, for 17 of which he was responsible for the Bank’s accounts. He was a founder member of the committee that devised the accounting framework and policies for the European System of Central Banks and has recently undertaken projects for the European Central Bank related to Eurosystem accounting. He has written a number of articles on issues in central bank accounting and regularly speaks at conferences on central bank finances.

Marjan Delatinne

Managing director - payments


Marjan is an entrepreneurial executive dedicated to business growth, profitability, and innovation by skillfully investing in the power of human capital and technology.

She has broad international experience, a deep understanding of business and financial markets, and a proven track record of creating and growing highly profitable businesses.  She enjoys establishing effective strategies and directing major initiatives from conceptual to implementation. 

She joined SETL as the Managing Director of Payments, to lead its mission and drive the commercial success in this space. She is responsible for the  definition and execution of the go to market strategy.

Previously, Marjan worked for Ripple as the Global Head of Banking and SWIFT where she was responsible for the commercialization of large scale projects both in securities and payments, namely Target 2 Securities and SWIFTgpi.

Marjan worked for Euroclear, BNY Mellon and held various positions in sales & network management divisions. 

Marjan has a university degree in Business Administration and research master degree in Experimental & Clinical Psychology.

In addition to English she is fluent in French and Scandinavian languages.

Women Power List 2017 & sitting on the board of directors of different associations and Neo banks.

Well known industry speaker. 

Toby Davies

Head of notes operations

Bank of England

Toby Davies is Head of Notes Operations at the Bank of England with responsibility for the production and distribution of Bank of England banknotes, its anti-counterfeiting strategy and the regime to back Scottish & Northern Irish banknotes. Previously, he was responsible for the operation of the Bank’s Real-Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) payment system and its securities operations. Toby has also worked at Euroclear UK and Lloyd’s of London.

Mohammad Davoodalhosseini

Research advisor

Bank of Canada

Currently a Research Advisor at the Bank of Canada, Mohammad joined the Bank as a Senior Economist after he received his Ph.D. in Economics from the Pennsylvania State University in 2015. Prior to that, he received his B.Sc. in Electrical Engineering and M.Sc. in Economics from Sharif University of Technology, Iran, in 2007 and 2009, respectively.

His research interests can be classified into two broad categories: monetary economics and search theory. On monetary economics, he studies new developments in the field of electronic money and payments and explores how introducing a central bank digital currency (CBDC) can affect the implementation and transmission of monetary policy as well as the efficiency and stability of financial system. On search theory, he explores the role of information asymmetries in markets with search frictions, with applications to inter-bank, labor and over-the-counter markets. His work has been published in academic journals such as Journal of Economic TheoryInternational Economic Review, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control and European Economic Review.

Funmi Dele-Giwa

director of legal, regulatory and governmental affairs

MFS Africa

Funmi Dele-Giwa serves as our Director of Legal, Regulatory and Governmental Affairs and brings a steady hand and sharp mind to our next level MFS Africa. Funmi joined us from the United Bank for Africa (UK), where she was the Head of Legal & Company Secretary. She is a dual-qualified solicitor with 15 years’ experience in private practice, in the UK and in Nigeria. She holds an LLM in International Corporate Governance & Financial Regulation from the University of Warwick and an LLB, Law from the University of Lagos, Nigeria. Funmi is also a Chartered Company Secretary and a Chartered Governance Professional.

Christian Durand

Former deputy comptroller general

Banque de France

Currently an international consultant in central banking and financial sector issues, Christian Durand was until 2018 deputy comptroller general of Banque de France, with direct reporting to the governor. His domain of responsibility included the audit function, operational risks and on-site inspections conducted by French examiners at the request of the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) or the French banking supervision authority.  Before that, he was deputy director general for economics and international affairs at the Banque de France, and in this context was a member of Banque de France Monetary and Financial Stability Policy Committees and regularly attended CGFS meetings at the BIS. During his career, Mr. Durand has held senior positions with the International Monetary Fund’s Monetary and Capital Markets Department, the French Banking Supervisory Authority and the French Securities and Futures Commission and led negotiations ending with the signing of MOUs with the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC). He has also worked extensively with financial institutions in France and other organizations, including the New York Federal Reserve Bank, the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO), FIRST initiative and the AFRITAC project. Through his different assignments he has developed a professional experience in central banking, international economics, financial supervision and financial sector development and stability issues. He has conducted or supervised the implementation of several technical assistance projects for the EU, the IMF or the Banque de France and led, for the IMF FSAP program, financial stability assessment missions in a wide range of countries starting with Cameroon in 1999 and ending with the United States in 2010. His academic education is in economics (thesis on “the concept of money in the controversies on capital, interest and fluctuations in the early thirties”), finance and law. 

Magnus Eriksen

Chief accounting officer

Norges Bank

Magnus Eriksen is the Head of Accounting at Norges Bank and responsible for the banks financial reporting, including accounting policies, internal control, annual report and compliance to relevant framework. Before joining Norges Bank in 2015, Mr. Eriksen worked as an authorised public accountant and management consultant at EY.

Jeremy Foster

former Financial Services Capital Markets Partner


Jeremy spent many years as a financial services partner with PwC, auditing and advising central banks in Asia, Africa, Europe and the former Soviet Union. He was founder and chair of the PwC Central Bank Advisory Group, working with central banks on financial reporting, risk, controls and governance. He recognises that central banks are unique institutions, and therefore, in addition to strong financial services knowledge, they require additional special skills in an auditor and adviser. He currently works as an adviser to PwC Switzerland on their audit of the BIS.

Ardian Fullani

Former governor

Bank of Albania

Henrik Gardholm

Head of accounting division

Sveriges Riksbank

Henrik Gardholm is the head of the Accounting Division of the Sveriges Riksbank, which is responsible for the central bank’s financial reporting and budgeting. He is also a member of the Accounting and Monetary Income Committee at the European Central Bank (ECB). Mr. Gardholm joined Sveriges Riksbank in April 1998, in a role responsible for financial reporting. He was then promoted to his current position in February 2006. Prior to joining Sveriges Riksbank, he was an internal auditor at a commercial bank called Nordea as well as an authorised public accountant at KPMG.

Karsten Gerdrup

Director, macroeconometric modelling - monetary policy and financial stability

Norges Bank

Octavia Gibson

Director, currency and payments oversight

Central Bank of Barbados

Octavia Gibson joined the Central Bank of Barbados on December 29, 1975. Between 1975 and 2005, she worked in several departments in the Bank including Foreign Exchange, Banking, Accounts, Currency, Bank Supervision, Internal Audit and the Projects Unit.

Between 1998 and 2004, she spearheaded the Y2K Project, the RTGS and ACH Projects for the Bank and the financial sector.

In 2007, she was seconded to set up the Barbados Deposit Insurance Corporation and managed that entity until the appointment of its first CEO.

As Deputy Director, Currency, having been appointed to that post in 2005, she has been leading the Currency Team in a number of firsts including:
• Exhibition of world currencies
• Development of a royalty programme for numismatic coins
• Changeover to different materials for our coins
• Introduction of a new banknote series
• The One Cent Charity Drive done in association with the Rotary Club of Barbados, South and the Alzheimer’s Association.
• Withdrawal of the one cent
• Revamping of the Know Your Money Programme
• Introduction of an APP to assist with the authentication of the 2013 Banknote Series

Ricardo Gimeno

Head of the analysis and market intelligence division

Bank of Spain

Ricardo Gimeno is the Head of the Analysis and Market Intelligence Division at Banco de España. He has also worked at the ECB and the IMF, and has made research visits to Yale and American University, and teach at the NYU and several business schools in Madrid. His research has been published in the Journal of Corporate Finance, the Review of Finance, Corporate Governance, Journal of Banking and Finance, Journal of Business Ethics, or the British Journal of Management.

Salih Gonullu

adviser and principal architect

BIS Innovation Hub Switzerland

Simon Gray

Former regional advisor for Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia

International Monetary Fund

Simon Gray worked at the Bank of England for some 27 years before joining the IMF in 2007. Simon has recently retired, but over the past 25 years he has worked with central banks around the globe, predominantly on monetary operations framework and FX issues. He has written widely on these topics, both while in the Bank of England’s CCBS, and at the IMF, including most recently an IMF Working Paper on unifying exchange rates in countries where parallel exchange rate markets have emerged; and an IMF Departmental Paper on central bank asset purchases. Simon has also worked on a number of FSAPs, most recently leading the FSAP for China in 2017.

Clara González

Senior economist, analysis and market intelligence division

Bank of Spain

Clara I. González is Senior Economist at Banco de España in the Analysis and Market Intelligence Division (Operations Department). Since 2018, she is involved in the internal work of the Banco de España regarding the challenges posed by climate change for the financial system and the development of sustainable finance. She has been a member of several international committees on this topic at the NGFS, ECB, FSC and ESRB. She works on sustainable finance topics, the implications of climate change for monetary policy and the incorporation of sustainable and responsible investment principles in portfolio management, participating in the Eurosystem’s related work in this area and in the WS3 of the NGFS focused on scaling up green finance.

Previously she worked in the Financial Stability and Macroprudential Policy Department (2015-2020) and in the International Markets Division (2012-2015) at Banco de España. Prime Minister Economic Bureau (2008-2011), Fundación de Estudios de Economía Aplicada (2007-2008), and in the Economic Analysis and Forecasting Department at Banco de España (2005-2007). She holds a PhD in Economics (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain) and her dissertation was awarded with “Cum Laude” and the Prize Funcas-"Enrique Fuentes Quintana" to the best thesis in 2011-2012. She holds a Degree in Business Administration and a Master’s Degree in Actuarial and Financial Sciences (both Universidad Pontificia Comillas de Madrid, Spain). Member of the Spanish Professional Society of Actuaries. She has several publications on sustainable finance, implications of climate change for the financial system, ageing and the sustainability of the Spanish public pension system.


Audun Grønn

Former special advisor to the governor

Norges Bank

Born 1953. Mr. Grønn holds a graduate degree in economics (cand.oecon. 1979) from the University of Oslo. Work experience since 1980 includes various positions at Norges Bank, including Director of International Department, Director of Statistics Department, and Special Advisor to the Governor. Mr. Grønn spent altogether eight years at IMF’s Executive Board in Washington DC, as Senior Advisor (1989-1992), Alternate Executive Director (2011-2013) and Executive Director (2013-2016), as well as one year at the ECB in Frankfurt as national central bank expert (2005-2006). He retired from his position at Norges Bank in July 2021, but continues as a consultant on a part-time basis.

Patrick Gutman

managing director

MFS Africa

Patrick Gutmann is the Managing Director of MFS Africa’s UK and European entities and heads up one of the Business Units (BUs) within the Group – BU Banks, Institutions, and Governments (BIG). BU BIG is responsible for managing the Group’s relationships with Banks, Non-Bank Financial Institutions, and its engagement with regulators, governments, and the development sector. In addition, it houses several key Group functions, including Legal & Regulatory Affairs, Corporate Governance & Company Secretariat, Treasury & FX Management, and Risk & Compliance. Prior to joining MFS Africa, Patrick was the CEO of UBA UK, and prior to that he was Managing Director, Corporate & Institutional Banking at BACB. Prior to these London-based positions, Patrick spent many years based on the African countries with Ecobank and Commercial International Bank (CIB) in Egypt. Patrick began his career with Wells Fargo and then ABN AMRO, with whom he was based in the US, Europe and then several years across Asia. Patrick is a seasoned international executive with a diverse background and experience in managing cross-cultural teams across a variety of geographies, businesses, and functions. Patrick holds an MBA from Northwestern University’s Kellogg School of Management in Chicago, a Bachelor of Arts degree in International Studies and Economics from Macalester College in St. Paul, and an International Baccalaureate diploma from St. Mary’s International School in Tokyo.

Gábor Gyura

Former Head of the sustainable finance department

Former Central Bank of Hungary

Gábor Gyura has a masters degree in Economics and also holds a PhD in Earth Sciences. He was founding head of the Sustainable Finance Department at the Central Bank of Hungary and was responsible for the Bank’s green agenda between 2018 and 2022. His main work area was the development of the domestic green finance market and the improvement of environmental risk management in the financial system, also representing the Bank in various international committees related to sustainable and climate finance such as the Network for Greening the Financial System (NGFS) and the European Supervisory Authorities. Since May 2022 Gabor is a consultant at the United Nations Environment Program Finance Initiative (UNEPFI), and since 2021 also acts as assistant professor at the Budapest University of Technology and Economics’ Finance Department, teaching and researching sustainable finance.

Daniel Heller

Head of regulatory affairs, Fnality International and former director, international monetary cooperation

Swiss National Bank

Freyr Hermannsson

Former head of treasury

Former Central Bank of Iceland

Freyr Hermannsson is an experienced central banker and has worked with a dozen central banks and United Nations agencies since the turn of the century. He is an independent advisor focusing on sovereign asset and liability management, particularly balance sheet management and central bank policy solvency, reserve management and public debt management. He has hands-on knowledge of monetary and exchange operations, FX markets development, exchange rate regimes, FX regulations (incl. capital controls) and capital account liberalization, central banking recapitalization and related accounting issues.

Mr. Hermannsson initially joined the Central Bank of Iceland in 2000 and after several years in the private sector was drafted back into the central bank in Iceland’s 2008 financial crisis where he served as Head of Treasury. He led international reserves management, implemented central bank open market operations, negotiated government debt transactions, developed capital controls, and worked on crisis prevention and management during and after the crisis of 2008.

A mathematician by education, he holds a M.Sc. from Columbia University in Operation Research and a B.Sc. in Mathematics from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. He has lectured on the mathematics and economics of financial markets as an Adjunct Lecturer at the Faculty of Economics of the University of Iceland.

Niko Herrala

Head of monetary policy implementation

Bank of Finland

Niko Herrala works as a Head of Division in the Market Operations Department at the Bank of Finland. He is also a member of ESCB's Working Group on Monetary Policy Implementation.

Matthew Hite

Vice-president, strategic bank services

Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Matthew Hite is the vice president of Strategic Bank Services for the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.  In his role, he oversees the Bank’s Enterprise Risk Management, Strategy and Performance Management, Information Security, Business Continuity, and Continuous Improvement teams.  He also supports the Federal Reserve System’s risk management program, with a focus on operational risk. Mr. Hite has 25 years’ experience in risk management, compliance, operations, and audit at both the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland and in the private sector. 

Henry Holden


BIS Innovation Hub Switzerland

Henry Holden joined the BIS in 2017 after working at the Bank of England on financial market infrastructure oversight and policy. He is a chartered accountant and studied philosophy at Durham University.

Andrea Hopkins

Senior consultant, speechwriting team

Bank of Canada

Andrea Hopkins is a senior consultant and speechwriter at the Bank of Canada, specialising in public remarks by Bank of Canada Governor Tiff Macklem and other members of the Governing Council. Prior to joining the Bank, she spent 20 years as an economics and political correspondent for Reuters News in Canada, the United States, and Australia.

Abhaya Prasad Hota

Former head of payment systems

Former Reserve Bank of India

Abhaya Prasad Hota, - former Head of Payment Systems in Reserve Bank of India is known for his valuable contribution in design and development of payment system in India. After his central banking experience for 27 years mostly in the area of payments and technology, he headed the umbrella retail payments institution named National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) during 2009-2017 as its founding CEO. NPCI today handles 10 out of 13 types of retail payment systems in the country accounting for almost 80 percent of all  inter-bank retail payment transactions.  He played the key role in building the real time 24x7 retail money transfer system ( handling 110  million transactions  a day), domestic card payment system (the largest in the country in terms of number of cards issued in the country) and identity based Direct Benefit Transfer system  ( all government subsidies for social welfare programs passing through this DBT system).

Currently he serves as an Independent Director in the Boards of a few organisations in the area of banking and finance and speaks at various fora on design and development of national level payment system. During the year 2018-19, he was also in the World Bank Panel of Experts on Payment Systems.

Rachel James

Manager, future of financial market infrastructure

Bank of England

Rachel is Manager of the Future of Financial Market Infrastructure team in the Bank of England’s Financial Market Infrastructure Directorate (FMID). Rachel joined the Bank of England in a payments policy role in 2017. After a secondment to HM Treasury’s Financial Services Group, Rachel returned to the Bank of England to manage FMID’s programme of payments policy work on the regulation and supervision of Fintech payment systems with a focus on the international and domestic regulatory approach to emerging stablecoins.

Prior to joining the Bank, Rachel completed a Master of Public Administration (MPA) degree at the London School of Economics, specialising in Public and Economic Policy, and International Development.  During her master's degree she worked as an associate at a specialist provider of training and consultancy services in financial crime prevention and anti-corruption, developing projects for government bodies and international organisations primarily in Asia, Eastern Europe and the Caribbean. Prior to that, Rachel worked at an international development NGO developing a regional Asian disaster resiliency microinsurance programme based out of Jakarta, Indonesia. Rachel has an undergraduate degree from Georgetown University, majoring in philosophy with a double minor in economics and Mandarin.

Claire Jones

International economy news editor

The Financial Times

Marius Jurgilas

Board member

Bank of Lithuania

Marius Jurgilas has brought his experience in both academia and government to the important role of Member of the Board of the Bank of Lithuania with responsibility for supervisio, payment systems and research. During his tenur Lithuania emerged as a top jurisidiction for fintech companies witin the EU under the leadership of the Bank of Lithuania, forging Mr Jurgilas' reputation as a leading European thinker on the future of banking.

Nikul Kad

Legal counsel, central banking division

Bank of England

Amirthalingam Kanagalingam

Deputy director, business technology

Bank Negara Malaysia

Kanagalingam is currently a Deputy Director in the Business Technology Department of Bank Negara Malaysia. He is responsible for strategy and governance matters, with a focus on planning, performance and change management. Before this he was responsible for the Central Bank’s organisational strategy and business planning function. He joined the Bank in 1990 and over the 30 years has served in several capacities, including bank supervision, crisis management, international capacity building and organizational development. He holds an MBA from London Business School.

Allan Kearns

Head of function, prudential analytics

Central Bank of Ireland

Allan Kearns is head of analytics within the Insurance Supervision Directorate at the Central Bank of Ireland (CBI). In this role, he is responsible for the establishment of a new analytics function as part of the Solvency II change programme within the central bank. The vision for this function is to extract insights from the new Solvency II Pillar 3 reporting to enhance data-driven supervisory and financial stability decision making. Prior to this role, Allan was a founding member of the CBI's risk management division, with responsibility as a deputy chief risk officer for both financial and non-financial risk management frameworks. Allan has an MSc Economics (London School of Economics), an MSc Risk Management (University College Dublin) and a doctorate from Trinity College (Dublin). He lectures on risk management topics domestically and internationally, including governance and culture, and has published on a broad range of central banking topics.

Andrew Kerner

Assistant professor

Michigan State University

Ashraf Khan

Senior Financial Expert

International Monetary Fund

Ashraf Khan is a senior financial sector expert at the Monetary and Capital Markets (MCM) Department at the International Monetary Fund (IMF). He leads MCM’s work on central bank governance, risk management, and currency management. He also contributes to the Fund’s work on fintech, and Islamic Finance, and coordinates the IMF’s Central Bank Legislation Database. Before joining the IMF, Mr. Khan worked as head of the Governance and Accounting Department at the Central Bank of the Netherlands, as a trade policy advisor at the world trade organization (WTO), and as a corporate lawyer with CMS Derks Star Busmann. He holds a Master of Dutch Private Law, and a Master of International Law from the Vrije Universiteit of Amsterdam, as well as a Master of Philosophy from Jawaharhal Nehru University, New Delhi.

Kennedy Kipkemboi

Mobile money regulatory lead


John Kiff

Former senior financial expert

Former International Monetary Fund

From 2005 to 2021 John Kiff was a Senior Financial Sector Expert at the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Prior to that, he was at the Bank of Canada for 25 years, where he spent most of his time managing the funding and investment of the government’s foreign exchange reserves, including running its interest rate and currency swap book. At the IMF he was part of the team that produces the semi-annual Global Financial Stability Report covering innovative financial products. More recently he has been focusing on fintech issues and central bank digital currency.

Morten Kjærgaard

Independent consultant

Former National Bank of Denmark

Morten is an independent consultant within asset management and public finance. He is former Head of Reserve Management at Danmarks Nationalbank where he was responsible for the trading, risk management, quant and monetary policy collateral units. He has also worked with monetary policy implementation, government debt management and international relations and has worked as an international consultant on behalf of the World Bank.

Olivier Kraft

Director of fincrime analytics

Financial Network Analytics

Olivier Kraft is FNA’s Director of FinCrime Analytics, helping clients enhance their response to complex financial crime threats. Prior to joining FNA, Olivier contributed to global efforts against corruption and money laundering across the public, financial and non-profit sectors. 

Until September 2020, Olivier was a manager in HSBC’s Financial Crime Threat Mitigation (FCTM) department, where he led the Bank’s strategic intelligence on virtual assets and other new payment methods. Olivier was previously involved in intergovernmental efforts against financial crime, including at the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, and the World Bank Group.

Olivier holds a Master’s degree in Law from the University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, and an MSc in Computational Statistics and Machine Learning from UCL. He is an Associate Fellow at the Centre for Financial Crime and Security Studies of the Royal United Services Institute, and an independent AML consultant for the International Monetary Fund.

Eila Kreivi

chief sustainable finance advisor

European Investment Bank

Eila Kreivi is Chief Sustainable Finance Advisor at the European Investment Bank since February 2022.

From April 2011 until end of January 2022, she headed the Capital Markets Department of the EIB, as its Director. Before that, she was the Head of Funding for the Americas, Asia & Pacific.
Between March 2018 and January 2022, she was an alternate member of the Board of Directors of the European Investment Fund (EIF).

Prior to joining the financing arm of the European Union in 1995, Eila Kreivi worked at the Union Bank of Finland and Société Générale, in Helsinki and in Paris.

She holds a Master of Science degree in Economics from the University of Abo Akademi in Finland. In addition to her native language of Finnish, she is fluent in English, French and Swedish.

Eila Kreivi chaired the Executive Committee of the Green Bond Principles in 2015-2018. She has represented the EIB at the EU High-level Expert Group on Sustainable Finance in 2017‑2018, established by the European Commission. Between 2018 and September 2020, she also represented the EIB at the European Commission’s Technical Expert Group on Sustainable Finance created in 2018. Since October 2020, she is a member of the Platform on Sustainable Finance, an advisory body created by the European Commission.

In July 2020, she was elected as member of the Board of Directors of the International Capital Market Association (ICMA).

Mads Kristensen

Assistant director, internal audit

Norges Bank

Mads G. Kristensen is the deputy head of the Internal Audit department at Norges Bank. He is certified as a state authorised public accountant as well as an internal auditor. A substantial part of his work is devoted to the banks operations for managing the Government Pension Fund Global, which is one of the largest sovereign wealth funds in the world. Mr. Kristensen holds an MSc in Accounting and Auditing from BI Norwegian Business School.

Dan Kuhn


Federal Reserve Bank of New York

Daniel Kuhn is a Counsel in the Enforcement and Litigation Division of the Legal Function at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.  Mr. Kuhn has been at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York for over six years. 

Mr. Kuhn conducts investigations of unsafe and unsound banking practices and possible violations of banking regulations and laws by financial institutions and institution-affiliated parties subject to the jurisdiction of the Federal Reserve.   Mr. Kuhn has developed an expertise in Bank Secrecy Act, Anti-Money Laundering and OFAC sanctions related issues and works with other regulatory and prosecutorial agencies in the United States and abroad.  He also advises examiners in the Bank’s Supervision Group and the Bank’s Compliance Function on issues relating to BSA/AML and OFAC sanctions compliance.  Mr. Kuhn is also a seasoned litigator and represents the Bank in litigations where the Bank is a party and handles other litigation-related matters. 

Mr. Kuhn graduated from Syracuse University with a BA political science, and earned his Juris Doctor from Syracuse University College of Law.  Prior to working at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Mr. Kuhn was a litigation associate at Arnold & Porter.  Mr. Kuhn is a member of the American Bar Association.

Varshaa Kutik

Diversity and inclusion lead


Volodymyr Lepushynskyi

Director, monetary policy and economic analysis department

National Bank of Ukraine

In 2004, joined the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) on the position of economist responsible for forecasting money market performance. From 2008 to 2019, worked as the Head of Unit, Deputy Head of Division, Head of the Division for Monetary Policy Strategy, Deputy Director of Monetary Policy and Economic Analysis Department. In December 2019, was appointed as a Director of Monetary Policy and Economic Analysis Department. Has contributed to implementing inflation targeting regime in Ukraine, elaborating strategic documents on monetary policy and developing a rules-based monetary policy framework.

Graduated from Kyiv National Economic University with MA degree (with honors) in Finance (2004). Holds a Ph.D. in Economics from Ukrainian Academy of Banking. Has published extensively on monetary, macroeconomic, and modeling issues.

Oda Faremo Lindholm

Senior communications advisor, Norges Bank

Norges Bank

Oda Faremo Lindholm is an economic historian and works as a senior advisor and community manager in Norges Banks department of communication and external relations. Prior to working in Norges Bank, she worked as a journalist in several different Norwegian newspapers, and as a researcher at Norway’s public broadcaster, NRK. At NRK she also worked extensively with content production to some of NRKs biggest social media profiles. She has also published a successful book (in Norwegian) about critical interaction with social media, called “Bullshitfilteret” (The bullshit filter) .

Astrid Lipfert

Head of strategic office, DG communications

Deutsche Bundesbank

Within the DG Communications at Deutsche Bundesbank Astrid Lipfert is the Head of Strategic Office. Her team is responsible for strategic issues of the department, direct communication with the general public, regional communication acitivities and Bundesbank’s art collection. Astrid has been working at Deutsche Bundesbank for 20 years. She has held several positions in different departments including leading the website team and senior adviser to the Director General Communications. Astrid holds a degree in Central Banking from the Deutsche Bundesbank University of Applied Sciences and a degree in Business informatics.

Daniel Loeto

Chief financial officer

Bank of Botswana

Daniel N Loeto is Chief Financial Officer and Head of Finance Department, Bank of Botswana.  He holds a Bachelor of Science (Mathematics and Physics) and a Master of Business Administration.  He is a fellow of the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA).

Mr Loeto currently sits on the board of Botswana Accountancy Oversight Authority (2011 to date): - a body responsible for the regulation of auditors and financial reporting in Botswana, has been a member of the Botswana Unified Revenue Service Board (tax authority) from 2004 to 2013.  He has served as a member of the International Monetary Fund’s External Audit Committee for three years (2014 – 2016).  Did an executive development- programme at the University of Cape Town’s Graduate School of Business (2005) and an advanced management programme at the Kellogg School of Management (Northwestern University) in 2017.

Jorge Cruz Lopez

Director, advanced analytics and research


William Lovell

Head of future technology

Bank of England

I am Head of Future Technology and I focus on looking at how the next generation of technology, and the generation after that will change financial services.  I spend much of my time working on the renewal of central bank digital currency and the renewal of UK RTGS.  My background is in engineering, so I like to keep a practical focus but I also work with those developing policy.

Salahuddin Mahmud

Deputy director, payment systems department

Bangladesh Bank

Mr. Salahuddin Mahmud, Deputy Director of Payment Systems Department (PSD), joined Bangladesh Bank as an Assistant Director in the year of 2014. Initially he worked at Bangladesh Financial Intelligence Unit (BFIU). BFIU works with the Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing issues and Mr. Mahmud was an analyst there. In 2016 he joined the Payment Systems Department of Bangladesh Bank and has worked with Mobile Financial Services related analysis and policy issues since then. At present, he with other colleagues of PSD, is working to strike the right balance between innovation and regulation by formulating various DFS policy ensuring the interest of all stakeholders and providing support to new FinTech ideas at the Regulatory FinTech Facilitation Office (RFFO) of PSD.

Mr. Mahmud holds a Masters Degree in Physics from the University of Dhaka as well as a Master’s in Business Administration (MBA) from the Institute of Business Administration.

Daniel Masiya

Business transformation manager

South African Reserve Bank

Daniel is the business transformation manager at the South African Reserve Bank (SARB) responsible for leading the Prudential Authority’s transformation initiatives. He is an experienced executive with a keen interest in strategy implementation and business transformation. He started his career in IT and Business consulting and spending over a decade engaging with clients predominantly in financial services, across sub-Saharan Africa. Between 2015 and 2017, Daniel set up and headed the regional office of a local consulting company. In 2017, he joined the South African Reserve Bank (SARB). He holds an MBA from the Gordon Institute of Business Science and a Bachelor of Business Science Honours degree from the University of Cape Town. 

Livingstone Morrison

Deputy governor

Bank of Jamaica

Livingstone Morrison is the chairman of the National Payments Council (NPC) of Jamaica which plays a critical role in facilitating the contribution of industry participants in the oversight and development of National Payments System Infrastructure. Through the work of the NPC he guided the modernisation of the National Payment System of Jamaica to meet international standards of safety and efficiency.  

He currently chairs the Bank of Jamaica FinTech Work Group as well as the CARICOM FinTech Work Group. Mr Morrison is a member of the Financial Inclusion Steering Committee of Jamaica and Chairman of the Retail Payments and Financial Market Infrastructure Working Group. Mr Morrison holds the position of deputy governor of Bank of Jamaica, with responsibility for administration and technical services, finance and technology, and payment system and risk management. He also heads the Bank’s Strategic Planning Team. He is a member of the Management Committee and chairs the Committee of Administration.

Tony Morrison

Director of public relations

Bank of Jamaica

Tony Morrison, Director of Communications at Bank of Jamaica (BOJ), is now a veteran and award-winning central bank communicator with nearly 20 years of central banking experience that began in the latter part of the Greenspan era.

His recruitment by BOJ in 2001 interrupted a near-seven year stint as a multiple award- winning investigative journalist who specialized in covering crime, politics, business and the economy in general and tourism in particular. The competitive advantage that he brought to tourism reporting, of understanding the local industry and knowing the major players, evolved from the fact that he became a journalist (by accident) after leaving a job as a resort entertainment manager after an intensive six-year career in tourism.

Bank of Jamaica’s communication output has slowly but steadily and significantly increased and improved on his watch because of his work behind the scenes to push the envelope, and his strategic advice has at critical stages helped successfully guide Jamaica through its current highly acclaimed but difficult economic reform programme. His communication advice guided two successive governments (in 2010 and 2013) through the potential minefields of two debt exchange programmes, and he piloted the smooth 2017 introduction of BOJ’s ongoing FX market reform programme. 

In 2018, however, he was forced into the spotlight as a thought leader by becoming an ‘overnight sensation’ in central banking and wider circles. His revolutionary, ground-breaking, and reggae music-infused communication campaign to sensitize the Jamaican population to BOJ’s policy switch to formal inflation targeting is like nothing ever seen before in central banking circles, and has taken the world by storm, producing viral videos and attracting coverage from over 30 international media houses plus the public commendation of the IMF, IDB, and a plethora of fellow central bank communicators, central bankers in general, economists, business journalists, local and international politicians, and the wider public.

What is lesser known is that simultaneously, he is also the full-time personality and strategist behind BOJ’s critically acclaimed and highly engaging Twitter account, which in just over two years of existence has rapidly and emphatically earned the undisputed status of the best central bank Twitter account in the world, and earned BOJ the title of ‘coolest central bank in the world.’ There are no prizes for guessing that he is also the mad genius behind BOJ’s new virtual spokesperson, the James Bond inspired/BOJ logo derived ‘Secret Agent Croc. O. Doyle,’ who has a licence to target (what else?) inflation!  

Mr. Morrison is no stranger to Central Banking Publications, as, in addition to his communication programme attracting its coverage on several occasions and earning BOJ the award for best communications initiative for 2019, he was a course attendee in 2002, course chairman in 2003, and wrote the article “How a central bank should talk” for Central Banking Quarterly Journal also in 2003.

Patricia Mosser

Director of the MPA program in economic policy management

University of Columbia

Patricia C. Mosser is director of the MPA Program in Economic Policy Management at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs and leads the school’s Initiative on Central Banking and Financial Policy.  Previously, she was head of research and analysis at the Office of Financial Research, U.S. Treasury.  Mosser spent over 20 years at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York where she was senior manager at the New York Fed’s open market desk overseeing financial market analysis, monetary policy implementation, crisis-related facilities, foreign exchange and investment operations, and analysis of financial stability and reform. In 2009, she was SOMA manager for the FOMC.  She previously served as an economist and manager in the New York Fed Research Department and as an assistant professor in the Economics Department at Columbia.  Mosser has written on financial stability and monetary policy topics including financial reform, crisis policy tools, cyber risks to financial stability, and the monetary transmission mechanism.  She was previously a consultant to the Bank of England, a member of the Deputies Committee of the Financial Stability Oversight Council, and a board member of the American Economic Association’s Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession.  Currently, she serves as an outside director of Nomura Holdings Incorporated.    She received a BA from Wellesley College, an MSc with distinction from the LSE, and a PhD from MIT.

Brian Muthiora

Former regulatory director, mobile money

Former GSMA

Emma Murphy

Strategy, communications and leadership consultant

former Bank of England

Emma Murphy is a strategy, communications and leadership consultant that worked for the Bank of England for almost 20 years.  As part of her role there she developed and implemented the first strategic plans in the Bank of England’s 325-year history.  These focused on how best to manage deeply analytical talent while building a more diverse workforce, transforming rigid ways of working, and bringing internal and external communications into the 21st century.  Emma also led the division that introduced the Bank’s new approach to communications and has also played central roles in the integration of the Prudential Regulation Authority into the Bank and establishment of the Financial Policy Committee.  Emma has advised other central banks around the World, helping adapt lessons learned from the Bank of England’s experience into their differing contexts and has particular expertise in meshing cultural change with the people and communications challenges.

Diarmuid Murphy

Central Bank of Ireland (currently on secondment to the EU Commission)

Diarmuid has spent a considerable part of his career working on and writing about financial resilience and the operational aspects of central banking, and he has worked across the globe with many central banks and national supervisory and resolution authorities.  

Diarmuid began his central banking career at the Central Bank of Ireland (CBI) and was part of the team that played a key role in the CBI’s response to the Irish financial crisis. Diarmuid has also worked in the market operations area of the European Central bank and spent several years at the International Monetary Fund (IMF), in both the central banking and crisis management areas, where he participated in the IMF’s technical assistance and Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) work. Having returned to the CBI in 2018, Diarmuid took over responsibility for Brexit and fintech related banking/payment institution/e-money authorisations and banking contingency planning, establishing a new unit. In 2020, Diarmuid undertook a fellowship program with the Financial Stability Institute at the Bank for International Settlements in Basel focusing on crisis management issues.

In late 2021 Diarmuid commenced a secondment to the EU Commission, where he is now part of the Commission’s team responsible for implementing its published Renewed Sustainable Finance Strategy where his focus continues to be on financial resilience issues.

Diarmuid also co-leads the development and delivery of a dedicated comparative central banking module as part of a new online Global Central Banking and Financial Regulation master’s degree course with Warwick Business School (and in partnership with the Bank of England).

Rabi Narayan Mishra

Former executive director (supervision & suptech)

Reserve Bank of India

A central banker for more than three decades and half, he was the Executive Director in charge of Supervision & SupTech of RBI. He had earlier held the position of Principal Chief General Manager of Risk Monitoring Department of RBI, and the Head of the Reserve Bank Staff College, Training Institute of senior central banking professionals of RBI, at Chennai. He was the Head of Financial Stability Unit in RBI and had advised Central Bank of Oman in setting up of their Financial Stability Department, post-crisis. He was RBI’s Regional Director for the States of Jharkhand & Uttar Pradesh. His professional expertise hinges on Bank Regulation/Supervision, Financial Stability - Macro-Financial Surveillance and Risk Mitigating Mechanics in Banking and Central Banks. He has been RBI’s Nominee with the Analytical Group on Vulnerabilities and the Supervisory & Regulatory Co-ordination Committee at the Financial Stability Board. He was the RBI’s Nominee in NABARD’s Board of Supervision and Director in Punjab national Bank and Indian bank.

He is a Chattered Associate of Indian Institute of Banking & Finance (CAIIB) and an awardee of the Golden Jubilee Scholarship of RBI and the Diamond Jubilee Fellowship of Indian Institute of Banking and Finance (IIBF).

Neha Nerula


MIT Digital Currency Initiative

Sahar Nezami

Senior Director, Analytics & Insights

Bank of Canada

Sahar Nezami is a senior director at the Bank of Canada where she heads the Analytics & Insights practice. She has more than 15 years of experience building, growing, and leading data and analytics teams in various lines of business and different industries, from professional services, to retail banking, and now with central banking.

Sahar is an advocate of self-serve analytics and augmented decision support and believes in the value of data as a product and analytics as a service. She is a mentor and a volunteer and works on providing opportunities and support networks for women and newcomers, in particular.

Analytics strategy, talent development, and automating insights are some of the topics Sahar is interested in and speaks about.

Sahar is a software engineer with an M.Sc. in Economic Systems and an MBA. She lives in Toronto, Canada, and you can connect with her on LinkedIn.

Charles Niehaus

Managing director

Circle Payments

Charles is an independent consultant in Payments and Mobile Money, primarily focussed on Digital Financial Services. He led the Tanzania domestic DFS interoperability project for IFC, he was also fulfilled various roles in enabling DFS interoperability in Uganda and Mozambique and is has been involved in various DFS interoperability initiatives across Africa. Prior to this he was General Manager for Visa in sub-Saharan Africa and was responsible for Visa’s business across 25 African markets.

He is the past independent chairman of Zoona, an independent Mobile Money provider in Africa and is currently a shareholder in various African focused technology businesses, these include Fintech’s such as Yoco, a mPos business in South Africa, Stitch, an Open Banking API business targeting Africa and Kuunda, who provide data and agent liquidity tools for MNO’s and Mobile Money agents. He holds a Bachelors of Commerce from the University of Stellenbosch, a MBA from the University of Cape Town, attended the Accelerated Development Programme at the London Business School and also holds a Post Graduate in Futures Studies at the University of Stellenbosch Business School. He is currently studying towards his MPhil in Future Studies.

Peder Østbye

Special advisor - payment analysis and innovation unit

Norges Bank

Peder Østbye is a special adviser in the department of Financial Stability in Norges Bank. He mainly advises on regulatory issues associated with new money and payment systems, and he is a member of the Banks’ working group on central bank digital currencies (CBDC). Peder has previously worked as a lawyer within competition and technology law. He holds a doctoral degree in law, and master degrees in economics and mathematics. 

Małgorzata Osiewicz

Team lead, monetary and economics statistics division

European Central Bank

Małgorzata Osiewicz is a Team Lead in the Monetary and Economic Statistics Division of the European Central Bank. She leads a team responsible for conducting business and households’ surveys in Europe and exploring data sources for climate-related information. Previously, she was working in various areas of statistics, including topics on financial derivatives, labour market and payments data. Ms Osiewicz was also a consultant at the World Bank in the Trade and Competitiveness Global Practice.

Claudio Pastori

Process manager, directorate general information systems

European Central Bank

Claudio has more than 15 years of experience as central banker, mainly acquired in the area of enterprise service and vendor management. Claudio works in the Governance and Transformation Services Division of the European Central Bank (ECB). He supports the business in their journey to become customer-centric and service-oriented areas. For many years he has been Service Level Management Process Manager at the ECB serving the Directorate General Information Systems, with focus on value creation, lean process improvements and service optimization. He is currently facilitating the dialogue between internal service providers and their customers. Claudio holds a Ph.D. in Economics and a Ph.D. in Methodological Statistics.


Swaha Pattanaik

Global economics editor

Thomson Reuters

Swaha Pattanaik is Global Economics Editor at Reuters Breakingviews, based in London. Previously Reuters’ EMEA financial markets editor, she writes about global financial markets, macroeconomics, and policymaking. She was posted to Paris as Reuters’ senior economics correspondent and to Brussels as its European economic and monetary affairs correspondent. Before then she was the head of the Reuters FX reporting desk in London. Prior to joining Reuters, she worked for Bloomberg, Euromoney, and consulting firm IDEA. She has an MSc in Political Theory and Political Sociology from Birkbeck and a BSc (Econ) in Mathematical Economics and Econometrics from the London School of Economics.


Bimal Patel

Managing director of client delivery, EMEA


With over 20 years experience delivering a wide range of technology projects within large global banking and markets organisations, Bimal collaborates with clients and FNA's subject matter experts to deliver the best possible solutions with efficient use of resources and technologies, and is the client lead for developing and delivering FNA’s agent based CBDC simulation solution to central banks and financial institutions. Prior to FNA, Bimal has successfully delivered a number of large and critical projects in the financial services industry covering front, middle and back office.

Sofia Pimental

Compliance expert

Bank of Portugal

Sharmyn Powell

Chief risk officer

Eastern Caribbean Central Bank

Ms Sharmyn Powell has been employed at the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank for over 25 years and currently holds the position of Chief Risk Officer.  She leads the Office of Corporate Strategy and Risk Management with responsibility for Enterprise Risk Management, Compliance, Strategic Plan development and monitoring and Business Continuity Management. 

Prior to assuming this role, she served in various capacities at the Bank including, Deputy Director, Accounting Department, Director, Currency Management Department and Director, Support Services Management Department.  She is the Chairperson of the Bank’s Fintech Working Group, which is leading the implementation of the DCash Pilot Project for the issuance of a block-chain based digital version of the EC Currency. 

Ms Powell is a Certified Accountant (ACCA), and also carries the designations of Chartered Director (C. Dir) and Audit Committee Certified (A.C.C). 

Amanah Ramadiah

Data scientist


Amanah is a Data Scientist at FNA and serves as the primary client-facing Data Scientist in the Asia-Pacific region. She is the lead data scientist developing and delivering FNA’s agent-based CBDC Simulator to central banks and financial institutions. She holds a Ph.D. in Computational Finance from University College London. Her main research interest is systemic risk, with a particular focus on the application of complex networks to the study of financial stability. Prior to joining FNA, she was affiliated with the Bank of England and the International Monetary Fund.

Stephanie Richardson

Director of stakeholder initiatives

Bank of Canada

Stephanie Richardson (she/her) is a bilingual professional with over 20 years of experience in various communications streams including strategic communications, public affairs and engagement, and issues management. Following a 15-year career with the RCMP, Stephanie has worked with a variety of federal government departments including Veteran’s Affairs and Shared Services Canada.

Stephanie joined the Bank of Canada in 2018 and is currently the Director, Stakeholder Relations Initiatives where she leads a team of outreach and engagement specialists. She is responsible for providing strategic direction and advice on the Bank’s engagement activities with a wide variety of external stakeholders.

Stephanie holds a Bachelor of Journalism and History (Combined Honours) from Carleton University.


Stephanie Richardson (elle/la) est une professionnelle bilingue qui possède plus de 20 ans d'expérience dans divers domaines de la communication, notamment les communications stratégiques, les affaires publiques et l'engagement, et la gestion des enjeux. Après une carrière de 15 ans à la GRC, Stephanie a travaillé avec divers ministères fédéraux, notamment Anciens Combattants Canada et Services partagés Canada.

Stephanie s'est jointe à la Banque du Canada en 2018 et occupe actuellement le poste de directrice, Initiatives de relations avec les parties prenantes, où elle dirige une équipe de spécialistes de la sensibilisation et de l'engagement. Elle est chargée de fournir une orientation stratégique et des conseils sur les activités d'engagement de la Banque auprès d'une grande variété de parties prenantes externes.

Stephanie est titulaire d'un baccalauréat en journalisme et en histoire (avec mention combinée) de l'Université Carleton.

Mirela Roman

Strategy advisor to the board (external communication and public relations)

National Bank of Romania

Following the graduation IT College and the Academy of Economic Studies in Bucharest, Mirela Roman joined the Monetary Policy Department of the National Bank of Romania for almost three years up to 1994 when switched to gain almost 12 years of valuable experience as an economics correspondent at Reuters News Agency, working in Bucharest, London, Prague, Warsaw or Copenhagen. In 2005 she rejoined NBR as an Adviser to the Governor and has run a newly created Communication Department for eight years before taking a new challenge: the strategy path. Economic analysis, news coverage, project development and team coordination defined her business for years, while her focus was growing with memberships in the local Foreign Press Association, the Romanian-Chinese Association, the Club of Rome Romanian arm, Ethics Board of the ICCO-Affiliated Romanian Association of Public Relations as well as a lecturer in Winsor or Cambridge training series by Central Banking Publications for a decade now.

Massimo Rostagno

Director General Monetary Policy


Ilektra Rovithi

Bank of England

Ivana Ruffini

Managing director of advanced analytics


At FNA, Ivana serves as a Subject Matter Expert and manages a team of data scientists who develop analytic solutions for FNA clients.

Prior to joining FNA in 2019, Ivana spent nine years at the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, where she utilized network theory to improve the understanding of the propagation of risk in the global financial system. She also analysed the impact and efficacy of regulations and customer protections in derivatives markets and helped inform policymakers on how changes in payment systems and financial market infrastructures may impact various participants in financial markets.

Ivana was also active in the alternative investment space as a private equity investment professional, a derivatives trader, and a credit risk specialist. Her prior employers include Baird Capital Partners, One Equity Partners, and JPMorgan.

Ivana graduated with honors from Denison University and did her graduate studies at Northwestern University. In addition to incorporating network theory in modeling financial markets, her research interests include the development of predictive analytics that utilizes machine learning and linking agent-based and Bayesian modeling.

Trevor Sabean

Senior director

Bank of Canada

Trevor Sabean was appointed interim senior director of the Bank of Canada’s Data and Statistics Office in October 2017.  In this capacity, he oversees the divisions responsible for ensuring that the Bank of Canada’s economists and researchers have efficient access to high quality data and statistics, as well as the required IT tools (High Performance Computing, analytic packages, dedicated research zone, etc.), and technical and statistical support. Prior to joining the central bank, he worked for Statistics Canada. When he joined the central bank in 2010, he worked as the assistant director where he was responsible for the bank’s Macroeconomic Indicators and Financial Institutions Statistics division. Mr. Sabean holds a Bachelor of Commerce from McGill University, a Masters of Arts in Economics from the University of Ottawa, and a Masters Certificate in Risk Management & Business Performance from York University.

Amir Safranovich

Head of cash management

Bank of Israel

Amir Safranovich has been with the Bank of Israel since 1997. Mr Safranovich has headed the Cash Management Division in the Currency Department of the Bank of Israel since 2003.

He is responsible for determining and implementing cash management policy in Israel and among other things, he is responsible for the supervision of cash centre, the regulation of the cash market, the contingency plan for cash, the banknotes quality standards, the reduction of counterfeits in circulation and the BOI cash centres operation.

Previous to this appointment, Mr Safranovich worked in the Banking Supervision Department in the Bank-Customer Relations Unit (1997-2003). He has a Master of Science degree in Economics from the Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, and an MBA from Bar Ilan University.

Oded Salomy

Director of payment systems

Bank of Israel

Dilyara Salakhova

former senior financial stability expert

European Central Bank

Dilyara Salakhova is an expert on sustainable finance and financial stability with more than ten-years experience at the ECB and Banque de France. At the ECB, she led the agenda on sustainable finance and worked extensively on green bonds, ESG investments funds, funding of the transition as well as climate-related risks to financial stability. Dilyara helped to inform the policy debate on sustainable finance by contributing greatly to the ECB Opinion on EU Green Bond Initiative, NGFS report on enhancing market transparency in green and transition finance, Joint ECB/ESRB Reports on Climate-related risk and financial stability, ECB Financial Stability Reports. Dilyara has also written several academic publications on the topic.

Manit Sahib

Head of penetration testing

Bank of England

Manit Sahib is the Head of Penetration Testing at the Bank of England. He is an Offensive Security (OSCP) and CREST certified tester with NCSC’s CHECK status. Previously a security consultant at PwC, he has obtained a vast amount of technical experience from a variety of global organisations. Now, leading BoE’s offensive team to plug the gaps in a collaborative approach.

Christian Schmieder

Head of administration, monetary and economic department


Christian Schmieder joined the Monetary and Economic Department as Head of Administration in 2020 after working on the implementation and effects of financial regulatory reforms in the secretariats of the Financial Stability Board and the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision since 2012. Prior to that, he worked as an Economist at the International Monetary Fund, for the European Investment Bank, the Deutsche Bundesbank and in the private sector. He holds a PhD in business administration and has published a range of studies on banking and financial stability issues.

Dirk Schoenmaker

Professor of banking and finance

Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Guenther Sedlacek

Head of reporting development

National Bank of Austria

Guenther Sedlacek is Senior Reporting Development Manager and head of the unit “integrated data model” in the statistics department of the Oesterreichischen Nationalbank (OeNB). Since 2013 he has been responsible for the development of the new integrated reporting data model used in the Austrian banking market as well as for the cooperation with reporting agents belonging to the financial sector and software providers.

He studied Technical Mathematics und started his business career as a research assistant at the statistics department of the Vienna University of Economics and Business, where he also received his PhD. In 2001 he changed over to the statistics department of the OeNB. There he was responsible for the development and operation of the security-by-security reporting and compilation system till 2010. During this period he also worked several months for the directorate statistics at the ECB and in the financial market division of the OeNB. In 2010 he became head of the direct investment unit in the statistics department and in 2012 he took over the collection and management of micro data, including the central credit register. In 2013 he was nominated to be the chair of the Austrian Standing Committee on Reporting, where – among others - strategic decisions concerning the integrated reporting data model (timelines, contents, etc.) are made and amendments to national legal acts are discussed. He is strongly involved in some European projects regarding the future of reporting. In 2020 he has been responsible for developing a data governance concept for the OeNB in order to strengthen data usage.

Ghiath Shabsigh

Assistant director, monetary and capital markets

International Monetary Fund

Ghiath Shabsigh is the Assistant Director of the Monetary and Capital Market Department at the IMF, with responsibilities covering, central banking, fintech and financial sector development. Since joining the IMF, he worked on economic reform programs, financial sector deepening, financial stability assessment programs, and capacity building in central banks in countries in Africa, Central and Southeast Asia, Europe, Middle East, and North America. His previous work experience includes working as a financial analyst and teaching. Mr. Shabsigh holds a Ph.D. degree in Monetary Economics and International Finance, a MA in Economic Development, a B.Sc. in Economics and Business, and several professional qualifications in banking and securities market operations.

Shigenori Shiratsuka

Director general, institute for monetary and economic studies

Bank of Japan

Shigenori Shiratsuka is the director-general of the Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies at the Bank of Japan, a position he has held since 2016. Prior to this, he worked in various positions at the Bank, including deputy director-general of the Monetary Affairs Department, general manager of Kanazawa and Matsuyama Branches, and division head of the Economic and Financial Studies of the Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, as well as head of the Financial Analysis and Research of the Financial Systems and Bank Examination Department. Mr. Shiratsuka has written numerous publications on monetary policy as well as macro prudential policy. He holds a B.A. and a Ph.D. in Economics from Keio University. 

Charan Singh

former Reserve Bank of India

Dr. Charan Singh is currently serving as the Non Executive Chairman of Punjab & Sind Bank. He was full time visiting faculty and former RBI Chair Professor (Dec 2012 to Dec 2016) at the Indian Institute of Management Bangalore, India where he taught comparative monetary policy and policy issues in Indian economy.

Earlier, he was a Senior Economist at the Independent Evaluation Office of the International Monetary Fund, Washington DC from August 2009 to November 2012 and Research Director (Departments: Economic Policy, Debt Management) at the Reserve Bank of India (1997–2009). Singh earned his doctorate in Economics from the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. He was a visiting scholar for more than a year each at Department of Economics, Harvard University and the Stanford Center for International Development, Stanford University. He is now serving as Director on the Board of National Housing Bank, Delhi and NABARD Financial Services Ltd, Bangalore. He is also Member, Governing Board at Policy Foundation, New Delhi; Member of Research Advisory Committee, BIRD, National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development; Honorary Fellow, SKOCH Development Foundation; and Member of the Informal Advisory Group on Housing Sector Issues, IMF, Washington DC

Marko Škreb

Former governor

Croatian National Bank

Marko Škreb is a former governor of the Croatian National Bank. Currently he is Central banking lead on a Financial sector reform project (FINRA) in Bosnia and Herzegovina, financed by USAID. Before that he was resident project manager for Canada-IMF Capacity building project at the National Bank of Ukraine. He moved to Kyiv from his position as advisor at the International Monetary Fund’s Regional Technical Assistance centre in Accra, Ghana.  Before that, he was chief economist and strategist at the second largest commercial bank in Croatia. Mr. Skreb started his professional career teaching at the University of Zagreb. Following academic vocation he joined the Croatian central bank, first as research and statistics director and later on as governor (from 1996 to 2000). In 1997 he was awarded the Central European Annual Awards for Excellence - Best Central Bank Governor by the Banker. Since 2000 he worked as a consultant for the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank in numerous countries, mostly in South-East Europe. He also worked at the Independent Evaluation Office of the IMF in Washington DC in the period 2004-2005. Mr Škreb published a number of articles and edited books, focusing on transition questions and financial issues.

Marianne Sterner

Language consultant

Sveriges Riksbank

Marianne Sterner has worked as plain language consultant at Sveriges Riksbank, the central bank of Sweden, for fourteen years. She is part of the strategy group within the Communications Division, which has the task of planning the Riksbank’s communication and adapting it to its various target groups. Marianne has a combined BA degree in Swedish and French and has 35 years of experience as a freelance plain language consultant, mainly in the public sector.

Kenneth Sullivan

Sullivan Consulting


Kenneth Sullivan's central banking career is built around periods as a senior financial sector expert with the International Monetary Fund and seven years at the Reserve Bank of New Zealand as chief manager of both accounting and corporate services. During his tenure the RBNZ developed new reporting frameworks that won accounting prizes for their transparency and completed a fundamental reorganisation of the bank. Prior to that he provided a financial management information system consultancy, held senior accounting roles in insurance and wholesaling, and worked in education. He has written on issues of central bank financial reporting, capital adequacy, organisation and accountability. 2014 saw publication of the book Financial Independence and Accountability for Central Banks that he edited with Martina Horakova of Central Bank Publications. Whilst at the IMF he represented the IMF on the International Financial Reporting Standards Advisory Council for 7 years and provided advice to over 90 central banks along with a secondment to a London bank working on structured finance.

Tao Sun



Evangelos Tabakis

Head of risk management & compliance

European Central Bank

Evangelos Tabakis is the head of Risk Management and Compliance in the Central Bank of the United Arab Emirates, responsible for financial and operational risk, business continuity, information security and compliance across the activities of the central bank.  Previously he had been at the European Central Bank (ECB) in Frankfurt for fourteen years, holding positions in Market Operations and Risk Management. Most of his work at the ECB was related to the operational, risk management and financial stability issues posed by large scale collateralized lending to banks. Prior to his central banking career, Mr. Tabakis held academic positions at Yale University, the University of Bayreuth in Germany and the Athens University of Economics and Business in Greece. He holds a first degree in Mathematics from the University of Athens and a Ph.D. in Applied Mathematics (Mathematical Statistics) from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Jeremy Torobin

Senior communications consultant

Bank of Canada

Jeremy Torobin has been a senior communications consultant (speechwriter) at the Bank of Canada since mid-2017. Torobin came to the Bank from Canada’s Finance Department, where he was a senior communications strategist responsible for financial sector policy. Prior to Finance, he was an analyst at Medley Global Advisors, a macro intelligence firm in New York, where he directed research on Canada and helped cover the US Federal Reserve and international organizations such as the G20 and IMF. Before Medley, Torobin spent 14 years in journalism including three years covering the Mark Carney-led Bank of Canada for The Globe and Mail, and four years just before that as a government/economy editor at Bloomberg News. This included a year in Washington DC at the height of the 2008-09 crisis. Earlier, he spent 2000-2004 in Washington working at CQ-Roll Call, reporting on everything from economic policy and trade to the response to 9/11 and authorization of the Iraq War. He left CQ in the fall of 2004 to spend the 2004-05 academic year at the London School of Economics, where he earned a master's in international relations on a British Chevening Scholarship. He also holds a journalism degree from Carleton University in Ottawa. 

Sudhir Upadhyaya

Director - client delivery


Successful and motivated Leader with unparalleled expertise in Telecom and Fin-Tech domain. 22 years’ experience and over 14 years in FinTech eco-system. Keen sense to achieve corporate goals. Ability to devise long-term strategies, build teams from scratch, envisage critical Telecom and fin-tech products and bringing them to life. Played a critical role in Financial Inclusion & Financial Literacy in different markets.

Jill Vardy

Advisor (communications) and chief of staff

Bank of Canada

Jill Vardy was appointed Advisor (Communications) and Chief of Staff, effective 3 January 2017. In this role, she provides strategic communications advice on major corporate and policy-related issues and works closely with Executive Council and department chiefs to maximize the Governor’s schedule and work priorities. She also plays a key role in strategic thinking and engagement with the Bank’s partners and stakeholders.

Ms. Vardy spent 14 years covering economics, finance, government policy and the technology sector for The Financial Post (later incorporated into the National Post). After covering economics in Toronto, she spent six years as a Parliament Hill reporter in Ottawa and six years as the National Post’s senior technology writer and columnist. In addition to writing, she also appeared frequently as a business panelist on CBC radio and television and taught economics and business journalism at Carleton University.

Ms. Vardy joined the Bank of Canada’s Communications Department in 2002 as a speechwriter for the Governor and other members of Governing Council. She became Director, Planning and Public Affairs, in 2006. In 2008, she served as the department’s Acting Chief and was then named Deputy Chief. She became Chief of Communications in December 2010, a position she held until her current appointment.

Born in Corner Brook, Newfoundland, Ms. Vardy attended Mount Allison University and earned an honours degree in journalism from Carleton University.

Tuomas Välimäki

Board member

Bank of Finland

Tuomas Välimäki has been a member of the Board of the Bank of Finland since 12 July 2018. Tuomas Välimäki is responsible for investment of the Bank of Finland's financial assets, monetary policy implementation and market operations as well as academic research and research on transition economies. He is also responsible for cash supply and payments as well as digitalisation and IT issues. 

Miklos Vari


Banque de France

Miklos Vari is currently a Research Economist in the Bank of France monetary policy division, and a consultant for the IMF monetary and capital market department. He was previously an analyst in the ECB’s Directorate-General of market operations and an Economist at the International Monetary Fund. He has written policy papers and published academic articles in leading economics and finance economic journals on the impact of central bank’s market interventions. Miklos hold a PhD from the Paris School of Economics.

Andrew Wamicwe

Regulatory director - mobile financial services

Airtel Africa

Andrew is the Regulatory Director in charge of Mobile Financial Services (MFS) at Airtel Money handling all regulatory requirements of the business.

He has over 13 years experience in banking, Central Banking, Corporate Credit, Retail credit, bank resolution, banking supervision, public policy, risk management, financial inclusion, operations, payment and settlement systems, risk and compliance audits, information technology law, and Corporate Secretarial services. 

He joined Airtel Money from the Central Bank of Kenya (CBK) where he was working for 7 years. Previously, he worked with Barclays Bank of Kenya (now ABSA - Kenya) as an In House Counsel for 5 years. 

He holds a Law degree (LL.B) from the University of Nairobi, He is an Advocate of the High Court of Kenya. He also holds a Masters degree in Public Policy (MPP) from Strathmore Business School. He is Certified Public Accountant (CPA-K) and Certified Public Secretary (CPS-K). In addition, he is a graduate of the Oxford Fintech program and the London School of Economics - LSE regulatory practice program.

Onny Widjanarko

Executive director, head of communication department

Bank Indonesia

Tres Wehrli

Visiting member of the CPMI secretariat


Paul Wong

Director of product, CBDCs and institutions

Stellar Development Foundation

Paul is a senior subject matter expert on payments innovation and technology. He is the Director of Product for Central Bank Digital Currencies and Institutions at the Stellar Development Foundation. Prior to joining Stellar, he spent 17 years in central banking at the Federal Reserve Board and Bank for International Settlements. At the Federal Reserve, he established and led the Board’s Technology Lab, drafted international and domestic risk management standards for financial market infrastructures, conducted supervision of systemically important payment systems, and oversaw the provision of central bank services to financial institutions.

Tetsuya Inoue

Senior Researcher

Nomura Research Institute

Mr. Inoue joined the BOJ in 1985. Early in his career, he dealt with international financial support to heavily-indebted economies. After having studied Economics in Graduate School of Yale University, he returned to the Bank and conducted oversights of international business of Japanese banks. From 1994 to 1996, he served as secretary to Mr. Toshihiko Fukui when Mr. Fukui was Deputy Governor. In 1996, he moved to Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, and was responsible for the research project on IT-Revolution. From 2000 to 2003, he served as staff to Mr. Kazuo Ueda, Member of the Policy Board. At Financial Markets Department, he worked for improving functioning of Japan’s capital markets. In 2004, he took over the head of Foreign Exchange Operations Division, and in 2006 he became Associate Director-General at the department. There he covered the global financial markets and policy measures and played a significant role in international financial fora (the BIS and the EMEAP).

In December 2008, he joined the Institute. At this position, he conducts studies of financial markets and policy issues both domestic and international. Platform of activity is the “Financial Markets Panel” that discusses central bank policies by designated members. He shares the insights with experts of both public and private sectors. He writes a number of articles in business journals and frequently appears as regular commentator of monetary policy by the major central banks in TV programs. In 2012, he launched “Japan-China Financial Roundtable” with the CF40 in China as the forum for policy debate. In 2015, he launched “Research forum for revitalizing regional financial institutions” and compiled its final report in 2017. In recent years, he expands the coverage to Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) by informal discussion with policy makers and organizes the study group of “Research Forum for Currency and Banking” with experts of this field. In relation to economic policy authorities, he was appointed Special Researcher by the Financial Services Agency in 2013 to study macroprudential policy issues. In 2015, he joined the small group of policy-makers and researchers at the Ministry of Finance to publish a joint report of financial policy since the global financial crisis. Since 2017, he has been Special Researcher at the Board of Audit to support their activities of official auditing of the Bank of Japan.

Mike McMorrow

Senior asset management specialist, reserve management advisory services


Mike McMorrow is a Senior Asset Management Specialist on the Reserve Management Advisory Services team in the BIS Banking Department. In this capacity, he works with reserve managers around the world on topics such as asset allocation, governance and sustainability. Prior to the BIS, he spent over 10 years at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York in a variety of capacities, including management and analyst roles in foreign reserves, mortgage markets, Treasury markets, market intelligence and quantitative analysis. He also spent a year at the Bank of England as a portfolio manager on their reserves management team. Prior to his central bank experience, he spent two years at Macroeconomic Advisers, a forecasting firm, and received degrees from the University of California, San Diego and the University of Notre Dame. 

Gregorio Sánchez

Deputy manager of industrial engineering

Bank of Mexico

Gregorio is an industrial engineer, with a master’s degree in quality assurance, he has broad experience in the banknote production and distribution processes. During the last year he was in charge of the issuing (issuance) of the last 2 denominations of the new Mexican banknote series, as well as the R&D activities in Banco de México. He also has been in charge of the implementation of Lean Six Sigma in the Mexico City printing works and improvement of the Mexican coin series.

He has collaborated in Banco de México for 22 years, and currently holds the position of Deputy Manager of Industrial Engineering.


Boyd Laanstra

Senior analyst, visual content, currency department

Bank of Canada

Boyd Laanstra is a Senior Analyst, Visual Content, with the Currency Department at the Bank of Canada, where his main role is to research and recommend visual content for new Canadian bank notes, and to help oversee the integration of this content throughout the design and production phases. While with the Bank, he has helped to develop two new notes - the Canada 150 commemorative bank note issued in 2017 and the vertical $10 note featuring Viola Desmond issued in 2018.

Prior to joining the Bank, Boyd led public history projects with the Department of Canadian Heritage and the National Capital Commission. This included the creation of an award-winning sound and light show that was projected onto the façade of the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa each evening of the summer months. He holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in History from McGill University in Montreal and a Master’s degree in Museum Studies from the University of Toronto.

Diana Posada

Senior economist

Bank of Spain

Diana Posada works at the Bank of Spain as a senior economist. She joined the banknotes directorate in 2019 and since then her research has focused on access to cash, financial inclusion or the use of payment methods among others. She has been part of different workstreams on access to cash of the Eurosystem. Additionally, she is a member of the financial exclusion advisory group of the Bank of Spain.

Marco Ruiz

Engagement manager, Reserves Advisory and Management Partnership (RAMP)

World Bank

Marco Ruiz is an engagement manager in the World Bank Treasury’s Reserves Advisory and Management Partnership (RAMP). In this role, he coordinates the delivery of technical assistance to improve asset management practices in official institutions. Before joining the World Bank, Marco managed Colombia’s foreign reserves and sovereign wealth funds for almost two decades. In the Central Bank of Colombia, he started his career as a portfolio manager and later became Head of Portfolio Management and Director of International Investment. In this last position, Marco received the Reserve Manager of the Year award from Central Banking Publications in 2014. He holds a bachelor’s degree in economics from Universidad de los Andes in Bogota and a Master of Business Administration from New York University. He is also a CFA charterholder.


Pier Mario Lupinu

PhD candidate in banking and finance law, faculty of law, economics & finance,

University of Luxembourg – Universitá Degli Studi Roma Tre

Pier Mario Lupinu is a PhD Candidate in Banking and Finance Law jointly at the Universities of Luxembourg and Roma Tre (Italy). He is a Young Researcher at the European Banking Institute and he has been a Visiting Scholar at the Columbia Law School in New York and a DAAD-funded visiting researcher at the Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE at the Goethe University Frankfurt. Currently, he is a visiting researcher in Bank Insolvency at UNIDROIT. Ahead of the PhD, he worked for the European Commission, the European Investment Bank and the Single Resolution Board.

Fabiola Dieudonné

Senior Social Media Specialist

Bank of Canada

Fabiola Dieudonné recently joined the Bank of Canada as its Senior Social Media Specialist. She has a decade of professional experience in digital communication and had held various positions with various government departments including the International Development and Research Centre and at the Canadian Food Inspection Agency. Outside of her day job, she provides her expertise to local non-profit organizations. Fabiola has an honours degree in communications from the University of Ottawa.

Henry Holden


BIS Innovation Hub

Henry joined the BIS in 2017 after working at the Bank of England on financial market infrastructure oversight and policy. He is a prolific author with several publications on central banking, financial markets and financial market infrastructures. Currently he is the product owner of Rio project and Titus project, which is an alternative Liquidity Saving Mechanism proposed in 2021. Henry is a chartered accountant and studied philosophy at Durham University.

Salih Gonullu

adviser and principal architect

BIS Innovation Hub

Salih joined the BIS Innovation Hub in February 2020 as Adviser and principal architect of the Rio Project. Prior to that Salih worked at the Swiss National Bank. Grounded and solution-oriented Computer Engineer with a wide variety of professional experience as a software and system engineer, Salih is passionate about new technologies. He had worked at Swisscom, the Swiss National Research and Education Network and the Swiss Air Traffic Controlling. He holds a Masters degree in Computer Engineering from Boğaziçi University.

Anneke Kosse

Senior Economist


Anneke Kosse is a Senior Economist at the Secretariat of the Bank for International Settlements’ Committee on Payments and Market Infrastructures (CPMI). Her portfolio includes conducting research and supporting the Secretariat’s policy and standard-setting work in the area of central bank digital currencies, cryptoassets and stablecoins. Previously, Anneke worked at the Bank of Canada, most recently as a Research Advisor at the Banking and Payments Department, where she was responsible for leading the Bank of Canada’s research agenda for the modernization of the Canadian payment system. Prior to that, Anneke worked for nearly ten years at the Dutch Central Bank, where she conducted research in the area of retail payments. Her payments research has been published in various peer reviewed journals. Anneke holds a PhD in Business and Economics from Tilburg University.

Greg Carpenter

AVP of Unified Communications

Federal Reserve

Greg Carpenter is the AVP of Unified Communications for the Federal Reserve. His previous roles span across multiple government organizations including The Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, NASA, United States Army Space Command, and United States Air Force Space Command. In these organizations Greg has led risk management, information security, and business continuity functions. The blend of Greg’s background and a focus on customer experience provides a unique perspective to risk management and technology survivability approaches.

Andrew Filardo

Visiting Fellow

Stanford University

Andy is currently a Visiting Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University. He worked at the BIS from 2002-21 where, most recently, he held the position of Head of Monetary Policy and, prior to that, Head of Economics for Asia and the Pacific. Before joining the BIS, he served on the staff of President Bush’s Council of Economic Advisers, was an Assistant Vice President and Economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, taught as an Adjunct Associate Professor at the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business, was a visitor at the IMF, and has worked with many central banks across the globe during his career. Andy has authored numerous publications in the fields of international monetary policy, macroeconomics, and financial stability. Andy holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Chicago.

Tomáš Nidetzký

Former deputy governor

Czech National Bank

Tomáš Nidetzký graduated from the Faculty of Informatics and Statistics at the University of Economics in Prague and completed his postgraduate studies at Oklahoma City University in the USA. He started his career at the Czech Securities Centre. From 1995 he worked as assistant to the Chief Financial Officer of Komerční banka. In 1997 he joined Česká spořitelna, where he worked as director of strategic planning and financial group management until 1999. In 1999 he was appointed Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Penzijní fond České spořitelny and from 2000 he was Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Pojišťovna České spořitelny.
From 2003 he was a member of the Executive Board and Executive Director in charge of retail financial services at ING in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic. In 2004–2010 he worked as Deputy Chairman of the Board and First Deputy Chief Executive Officer of Stavební spořitelna České spořitelny. In 2011–2013 he was director of internal distribution at ČSOB Pojišťovna. Since 2013 he has worked as Chief Sales Officer at NN Czech Republic. In 1999–2004 he was a member of the presidium of the Association of Pension Funds of the Czech Republic and of the Czech Insurance Association.

Adeyemi Omotoso

Policy Specialist Inclusive FinTech

Alliance for Financial Inclusion

Elisa Vilorio

Technical consultant and deputy director of the treasury department

Elisa Vilorio Medina is a Technical Consultant of the Treasury Department of the Central Bank of Dominican Republic. Dr. Vilorio’s tenure responsibilities as Deputy Director of Foreign Reserve management for more than 10 years included the design and execution of the FX reserves portfolio investment strategy, quantitative analysis of risk management and strategic asset allocation. Furthermore, Dr. Vilorio was one of the lead managers of the successful Repurchase Operation of the Brady Bonds of the Central Bank of Dominican Republic in 2017.

Dr. Vilorio holds a PhD in Economics from Florida International University (FIU), a Master of Science in Finance and a post-graduate degree in Risk Management from the IAE Aix en Provence in France and is a Fulbright Alumni. She has presented her Macroeconomic research in different Annual meetings at the American Economic Association (AEA), Southern Economic Association (SEA), Midwest Economic Association (MEA), Eastern Economic Association (EEA), International Atlantic Economic Society (IAES) and International Trade and Finance Association (ITFA).

Also, Dr. Vilorio has participated in different projects with the World Bank under the Reserve Advisory Management (RAMP) program. Furthermore, Dr. Vilorio has published several articles in the Central Banking Journal related to active management of a portfolio of International Reserves and hedging strategies using interest rate futures.

Matteo Ruisi

Creative director

Bank of England

My name is Matteo and I am an award-winning Creative Director and Brand designer. In my career, I had the pleasure to work for international clients, blazing start-ups, and advertising networks, shifting the way companies present themselves to their audiences.

In 2017 I started working at the Bank of England in the Communications Directorate, guiding the in-house comms team on brand, design and communications. While working at the Bank, I’ve also been consulted by a number of central banks on branding and creative communications.

I recently directed and introduced a visual identity system for the Bank of England, which has soon started paying back in a number of ways that exceeded my expectations.

My current goal is to transfer my vision to the Comms team, empowering them to make steady improvements to the way the Bank communicates visually and verbally. And if the opportunity comes, I would love to guide other central banks towards the same game-changing results

Agnes Gambill

Visiting Senior Research Fellow

George Mason University

Agnes Beatrice Gambill West is a Visiting Senior Research Fellow at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University.  

Agnes' research focuses on decentralized finance (DeFi) regulation, lowering barriers to innovation, the role of surveillance and privacy in DeFi payment transactions, the freedom to transact, and novel models of corporate governance for decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs).      

Prior to joining Mercatus, Agnes worked for Appalachian State University as an assistant professor and as an attorney-advisor for startups.  Agnes is Co-Chair of the North Carolina Blockchain Initiative, is an appointee to the North Carolina Innovation Council, and serves on the Business and Consumer Payments Advisory Council for the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond.  She has experience working as a proprietary trader and is the co-founder of an Ethereum-based blockchain payments company.  Her research has been published in the American Intellectual Property Law Association's (AIPLA) Quarterly Journal.   

Agnes received a JD from University of North Carolina School of Law, an LLM from Duke University School of Law, and an MSc from Oxford University.